Ten-year vision for marine climate research



Third International Workshop on Advances in the Use of Historical Marine Climate Data; Frascati, Italy, 2–6 May 2011 Marine surface observations—which represent a vital component of the Global Climate Observing System—are key to understanding global climate, including its variability on scales from weeks to centuries. Prior to 1970, ships were practically the only source of observations. In the modern era, sensors deployed on ships, moored and drifting buoys, aircraft, and Earth observation satellites all provide surface measurements of many different variables. A recent meeting hosted by the European Space Agency (ESA) brought together 52 members of the in situ and satellite communities to address the collection, collation, evaluation, distribution, and application of surface marine observations.