Rebound of Antarctic ozone
Article first published online: 6 MAY 2011
Copyright 2011 by the American Geophysical Union.
Geophysical Research Letters
Volume 38, Issue 9, 16 May 2011
How to Cite
2011), Rebound of Antarctic ozone, Geophys. Res. Lett., 38, L09702, doi:10.1029/2011GL047266., , and (
- Issue published online: 6 MAY 2011
- Article first published online: 6 MAY 2011
- Manuscript Accepted: 27 MAR 2011
- Manuscript Revised: 14 MAR 2011
- Manuscript Received: 28 FEB 2011
- ozone hole
 Restrictions on CFCs have led to a gradual decline of Equivalent Effective Stratospheric Chlorine (EESC). A rebound of Antarctic ozone, however, has remained elusive, masked by large interannual changes that dominate its current evolution. A positive response of ozone is not expected to emerge for at least 1–2 decades, possibly not for half a century. We show that interannual changes of the Antarctic ozone hole are accounted for almost perfectly by changes in dynamical forcing of the stratosphere. The close relationship enables dynamically-induced changes of ozone to be removed, unmasking the climate signal associated with CFCs. The component independent of dynamically-induced changes exhibits a clear upward trend over the last decade - the first signature of a rebound in Antarctic ozone. It enables ozone to be tracked relative to CFCs and other changes of climate.