Geodetic slip model of the 2011 M9.0 Tohoku earthquake
Article first published online: 1 SEP 2011
Copyright 2011 by the American Geophysical Union.
Geophysical Research Letters
Volume 38, Issue 7, April 2011
How to Cite
2011), Geodetic slip model of the 2011 M9.0 Tohoku earthquake, Geophys. Res. Lett., 38, L00G08, doi:10.1029/2011GL048632., , and (
- Issue published online: 1 SEP 2011
- Article first published online: 1 SEP 2011
- Manuscript Accepted: 28 JUL 2011
- Manuscript Revised: 26 JUL 2011
- Manuscript Received: 27 JUN 2011
- 2011 Tohoku earthquake;
- coseismic slip
 The three-dimensional crustal displacement field as sampled by GPS is used to determine the coseismic slip of the 2011 M9.0 Tohoku Earthquake. We employ a spherically layered Earth structure and use a combination of onland GPS, out to ∼4000 km from the rupture, and offshore GPS, which samples the high-slip region on the interplate boundary along the Japan trench. Inversion of the displacement field for dip slip, assuming an interplate boundary of variable dip and striking 195°, yields a compact slip maximum of about 33 m located 200 km east of Sendai. The geodetic moment is 4.06 × 1022 N m, corresponding to Mw = 9.0. The area of maximum slip is concentrated at a depth of about 10 km, is updip of the rupture areas of the M ≳ 7 Miyagi-oki earthquakes of 1933, 1936, 1937, and 1978, and roughly coincides with the rupture area of the M7.1 1981 Miyagi-oki earthquake. The overlap of the 2011 slip area with several preceding ruptures suggests that the same asperities may rupture repeatedly with M ≳ 7 events within several decades of one another.