SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Arctic Climate Impact Assessment (2004), Atmospheric circulation and Arctic sea ice in CCSM3 at medium and high resolution, in Impacts of a Warming Arctic, p. 144, Cambridge Univ. Press, Cambridge, U. K.
  • Bitz, C. M., D. S. Battisti, R. E. Moritz, and J. A. Beesley (1996), Low-frequency variability in the Arctic atmosphere, sea ice and upper-ocean climate system, J. Clim., 9, 394.
  • Blanchard-Wrigglesworth, E., K. Armour, C. M. Bitz, and E. deWeaver (2011), Persistence and inherent predictability of Arctic sea ice in a GCM ensemble and observations, J. Clim., 24, 231, doi:10.1175/2010JCLI3775.1.
  • Branstator, G., and H. Teng (2010), Two limits of initial-value decadal predictability in a CGCM, J. Clim., 23, 6292, doi:10.1175/2010JCLI3678.1.
  • Collins, M. (2002), Climate predictability on interannual to decadal time scales: The initial value problem, Clim. Dyn., 19, 671.
  • Fetterer, F., K. Knowles, W. Meier, and M. Savoie (2010), Sea Ice Index, http://nsidc.org/data/seaice_index/, Natl. Snow and Ice Data Cent., Boulder, Colo.
  • Fox, S. (2003), When the Weather Is Uggianaqtuq: Inuit Observations of Environmental Change [CD-ROM], Cartogr. Lab., Geogr. Dep., Univ. of Colo., Boulder.
  • Gent, P. R., et al. (2011), The Community Climate System Model version 4, J. Clim., in press.
  • Holland, M. M., D. A. Bailey, and S. Vavrus (2010), Inherent sea ice predictability in the rapidly changing arctic environment of the Community Climate System Model, version 3, Clim. Dyn., 36, 1239, doi:10.1007/s00382-010-0792-4.
  • Kleeman, R. (2002), Measuring dynamical prediction utility using relative entropy, J. Atmos. Sci., 59, 2057.
  • Koenigk, T., and U. Mikolajewicz (2009), Seasonal to interannual climate predictability in mid and high northern latitudes in a global coupled model, Clim. Dyn., 32, 783, doi:10.1007/s00382-008-0419-1.
  • Kwok, R., and D. A. Rothrock (2009), Decline in Arctic sea ice thickness from submarine and ICESat records: 1958–2008, Geophys. Res. Lett., 36, L15501, doi:10.1029/2009GL039035.
  • Lorenz, E. N. (1975), The physical bases of climate and climate modelling, in Climate Predictability, WMO GARP Ser., vol. 16, p. 132, World Meteorol. Organ., Geneva, Switzerland.
  • Pohlmann, H., M. Botzet, M. Latif, A. Roesch, M. Wild, and P. Tschuck (2004), Estimating the decadal predictability of a coupled AOGCM, J. Clim., 17, 4463.
  • Serreze, M., J. Stroeve, and M. M. Holland (2007), Perspectives on the Arctic's shrinking sea-ice cover, Science, 315, 1533, doi:10.1126/science.1139426.
  • Teng, H., and G. Branstator (2010), Initial-value predictability of prominent modes of North Pacific subsurface temperature in a CGCM, Clim. Dyn., 36, 1813, doi:10.1007/s00382-010-0749-7.
  • von Storch, H., and F. W. Zwiers (1999), Statistical Analysis in Climate Research, 484 pp., Cambridge Univ. Press, Cambridge, U. K.