• GPS;
  • absolute gravity;
  • postglacial rebound;
  • reference frame

[1] We examine absolute gravity (AG) and vertical Global Positioning System (GPS) time series between 1995 and 2010 at eight collocated sites in mid-continent North America. The comparison of AG and GPS rates aligned to ITRF2005 yields a gravity/uplift ratio of −0.17 ± 0.01μGal mm−1 (1 μGal = 10 nm s−2) and an intercept of −0.1 ± 0.5 mm yr−1. In contrast, aligning the GPS velocities to ITRF2000 results in a gravity/uplift intercept of −1.3 ± 0.5 mm yr−1. The near-zero gravity/uplift offset for the ITRF2005 (or ITRF2008) results shows a good alignment of the GPS vertical velocities to Earth's center of mass, and confirms that GPS velocities in this reference frame can be compared to predictions of geodynamic processes such as glacial isostatic adjustment (GIA) or sea-level rise. The observed gravity/uplift ratio is consistent with GIA model predictions. The ratio remains constant in regions of fast and slow uplift, indicating that GIA is the primary driving process and that additional processes such as local hydrology have a limited impact on a decadal time-scale. Combining AG and GPS measurements can provide significant constraints for geodetic, geodynamic, and hydrological studies.