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Keywords:

  • Serra da Cangalha;
  • gamma-ray;
  • impact crater

[1] Several geophysical methods have been used for decades for the identification and exploration of impact craters. Most of them are based on seismic, potential fields and electrical data, focusing on exploration of anomalies caused by changes in physical properties or by structures associated with the formation of the crater. Gamma-ray spectrometry is usually not mentioned among the geophysical methods employed in crater studies, although it is known that impact cratering processes cause a number of physical/chemical changes in the country rocks. These changes include the remobilization of hydrothermal fluids which directly modify the composition of target rocks and, subsidiarily, of soils related to these rocks. Therefore, the distribution of radioactive elementsK, Th and Uhas the potential to map such modifications. We present the analysis of gamma-ray signatures at the Serra da Cangalha impact structure, located in northeastern Brazil, using methods for enhancingKanomalies and also the overall gamma-ray signatures. These results provide valuable information on the distinct zones within the crater and might contribute to the understanding of hydrothermal enrichment processes produced as a result of the impact event.