A total of 1314 very low frequency earthquakes (VLFEs) were identified along the Ryukyu trench from seismograms recorded at broadband networks in Japan (F-net) and Taiwan (BATS) in 2007. The spectra of typical VLFEs have peak frequencies between 0.02 to 0.1 Hz. Among those, waveforms from 120 VLFEs were inverted to obtain their centoroid moment tensor (CMT) solutions and locations using an examination grid to minimize a residual between the observed and synthetic waveforms within an area of 11° × 14° in latitude and longitude and at depths of 0 to 60 km. Most of the VLFEs occur on shallow thrust faults that are distributed along the Ryukyu trench, which are similar to those earthquakes found in Honshu and Hokkaido, Japan. The locations and mechanisms of VLFEs may be indicative of coupled regions within the accretionary prism or at the plate interface; this study highlights the need for further investigation of the Ryukyu trench to identify coupled regions within it.