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Keywords:

  • Antarctica;
  • drifting snow;
  • regional climate modeling;
  • surface mass balance

[1] A new, high resolution (27 km) surface mass balance (SMB) map of the Antarctic ice sheet is presented, based on output of a regional atmospheric climate model that includes snowdrift physics and is forced by the most recent reanalysis data from the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF), ERA-Interim (1979–2010). The SMB map confirms high accumulation zones in the western Antarctic Peninsula (>1500 mm y−1) and coastal West Antarctica (>1000 mm y−1), and shows low SMB values in large parts of the interior ice sheet (<25 mm y−1). The location and extent of ablation areas are modeled realistically. The modeled SMB is in good agreement with ±750 in-situ SMB measurements (R = 0.88), without a need for post-calibration. The average ice sheet-integrated SMB (including ice shelves) is estimated at 2418 ± 181 Gt y−1. Snowfall shows modest interannual variability (σ = 114 Gt y−1), but a pronounced seasonal cycle (σ = 30 Gt mo−1), with a winter maximum. The main ablation process is drifting snow sublimation, which also peaks in winter but with little interannual variability (σ = 9 Gt y−1).