Long-term trends in the temperature of the mesosphere/lower thermosphere region: 1. Anthropogenic influences

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Abstract

[1] A detailed overview of long-term secular trends in temperature of the mesosphere and lower thermosphere considered to be induced by increase in greenhouse gases has been provided by Beig et al. (2003). Since then, quite a few new results have been emerged as some of the data series have become sufficiently large enough to provide results with improved confidence. Our understanding on the nature of temperature trends in the mesosphere/lower thermosphere (MLT) region is relatively better now. In the mesosphere, some of the results confirmed the earlier findings, and some new results obtained by satellite and lidar data over the tropical region have indicated a relatively weaker cooling trend as compared to the past but nevertheless strengthened the conclusion about the cooling trends. However, in the mesopause region, some of the new results now indicate a break in trend and tendency of negative signal where earlier no trend feature was noticed. This slice of no trend feature in between two cooling regimes was puzzling the modeling community, who were in search of a convincing explanation. This paper briefly outlines the progress made over the recent past in the field of MLT region secular temperature trends attributed mainly to growth of greenhouse gases near the Earth's surface.

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