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Keywords:

  • Antarctic;
  • Weddell Sea;
  • aerodynamic roughness length;
  • air-sea-ice interaction;
  • scalar roughness length;
  • sea ice

[1] We study the effective aerodynamic roughness length z0_eff and scalar roughness length for temperature zT_eff over different compact sea ice types in the Antarctic Weddell Sea by aircraft measurements during two austral summer seasons. z0_eff and zT_eff are highly variable in the Weddell Sea ice area. The averaged value of equation image in all main sea ice areas was smaller than the averaged value of equation image. The ratio between the two roughness lengths was relatively small for new/young sea ice with equation image/equation image ≈ 2, but the ratio became significantly large for the multiyear pack ice with equation image/equation image ≈ 227. For the pack ice area, with sea ice concentration ranging between 95% to 100%, we determined a median equation image = 4.1 × 10−03 m and a median equation image = 1.8 × 10−05 m. In the new, young sea ice area, with sea ice concentration ranging between 98% and 100%, we observed a median equation image = × 10−04 m and a median equation image = 2.2 × 10−04 m. These values of equation image and equation image differ from published observations conducted in a pack ice and new, young sea ice area in the northern hemisphere, such as the Arctic. Most model parameterizations require the roughness lengths as constant values as boundary input parameters. Our study shows that by using the equation image and equation image values of this study, instead of commonly used sea ice roughness length values, the accuracy of parameterized heat and momentum fluxes in the Weddell Sea ice area can significantly be improved.