SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Apel, J. (1994), An improved model of the ocean surface wave vector spectrum and its effects on radar backscatter, J. Geophys. Res., 99, 16,26916,291.
  • Axelrad, P., C. Comp, and P. F. Macdoran (1996), SNR-based multipath error correction for GPS differential phase, IEEE Trans. Aerospace Electron. Syst., 32(2), 650660.
  • Belmonte, M. (2007), Bistatic scattering of global positioning system signals from Arctic sea ice, Ph.D. thesis, Univ. of Colo. at Boulder, Boulder, Colo.
  • Blanch, S., and A. Aguasca (2004), Seawater dielectric permittivity model from measurements at L band, in Proceedings of 2004 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, IGARSS'04, vol. 2, pp. 13621365, IEEE Press, Piscataway, N. J., doi:10.1109/IGARSS.2004.1368671.
  • Brown, G. S. (1982), A theory for near-normal incidence microwave scattering from first-year sea ice, Radio Sci., 17(1), 233243, doi:10.1029/RS017i001p00233.
  • Cardellach, E., and A. Rius (2008), A new technique to sense non-Gaussian features of the sea surface from L-band bi-static GNSS reflections, Remote Sens. Environ., 112, 29272937, doi:10.1016/j.rse.2008.02.003.
  • Cardellach, E., G. Ruffini, D. Pino, A. Rius, A. Komjathy, and J. L. Garrison (2003), Mediterranean balloon experiment: Ocean wind speed sensing from the stratosphere using GPS reflections, Remote Sens. Environ., 88, 351362.
  • Cardellach, E., C. Ao, M. de la Torre-Juárez, and G. Hajj (2004), Carrier phase delay altimetry with GPS-reflection/occultation interferometry from low Earth orbiters, Geophys. Res. Lett., 31, L10402, doi:10.1029/2004GL019775.
  • Cardellach, E., F. Fabra, O. Nogués-Correig, S. Oliveras, S. Ribó, and A. Rius (2009), From Greenland to Antarctica: CSIC/IEEC results on sea-ice, dry-snow, soil-moisture and ocean GNSS reflections, in Proceedings of 2nd International Colloquium—Scientific and Fundamental Aspects of the Galileo Programme [CD-ROM], edited by E. C. Bureau, Eur. Space Agency, Paris.
  • Carsey, F. (1992), Microwave Remote Sensing of Sea Ice, Geophys. Monogr. Ser., vol. 68, 478 pp., AGU, Washington, D. C.
  • Cox, C., and W. Munk (1954), Measurement of roughness of the sea surface from photographs of the Sun's glitter, J. Opt. Soc. Am., 44, 838850.
  • Delwart, S., C. Bouzinac, P. Wursteisen, M. Berger, M. Drinkwater, M. Martín-Neira, and Y. Kerr (2008), SMOS validation and the CoSMOS campaigns, IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., 46, 695704.
  • Elfouhaily, T., B. Chapron, K. Katsaros, and D. Vandemark (1997), A unified directional spectrum for long and short wind-driven waves, J. Geophys. Res., 102, 15,78115,796.
  • Elfouhaily, T., D. R. Thompson, and L. Linstrom (2002), Delay-Doppler analysis of bistatically reflected signals from the ocean surface: Theory and application, IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., 40, 560573, doi:10.1109/TGRS.2002.1000316.
  • Elosegui, P., J. Davis, R. Jaldehag, J. Johansson, A. E. Niell, and I. Shapiro (1995), Geodesy using the Global Navigation System: The effects of signal scattering on estimates of site position, J. Geophys. Res., 100, 99219934, doi:10.1029/95JB00868.
  • Esterhuizen, S. (2010), GNSS receivers in space: From orbit determination to gravity field recovery (and a brief dabble in the affairs of SV49, GPS's black sheep), paper presented at Astrodynamics and Satellite Seminar, Colo. Cent. for Astrodyn. Res., Univ. of Colo. at Boulder, Boulder, Colo., 20 Apr.
  • Garrison, J. L., A. Komjathy, V. U. Zavorotny, and S. J. Katzberg (2002), Wind speed measurement using forward scattered GPS signals, IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., 40, 5065.
  • Germain, O., G. Ruffini, F. Soulat, M. Caparrini, B. Chapron, and P. Silvestrin (2004), The eddy experiment: GNSS-R speculometry for directional sea-roughness retrieval from low-altitude aircraft, Geophys. Res. Lett., 31, L21307, doi:10.1029/2004GL020991.
  • Gleason, S. (2006), Remote sensing of ocean, ice and land surfaces using bistatically scattered GNSS signals from low Earth orbit, Ph.D. thesis, Univ. of Surrey, Surrey, U. K.
  • Gleason, S., S. Lowe, and V. Zavorotny (2009), GNSS Applications and Methods, chap. 16, pp. 399436, Artech House, Boston, Mass.
  • Hajj, G., and C. Zuffada (2003), Theoretical description of a bistatic system for ocean altimetry using the GPS signal, Radio Sci., 38(5), 1089, doi:10.1029/2002RS002787.
  • Jones, R., and J. Stephenson (1975), A versatile three-dimensional ray tracing computer program for radio waves in the ionosphere, OT Rep. 75-76, Natl. Geophys. Data Cent., Boulder, Colo.
  • Katzberg, S., O. Torres, M. Grant, and D. Masters (2005), Utilizing calibrated GPS reflected signals to estimate soil reflectivity and dielectric constant: Results from SMEX02, Remote Sens. Environ., 100, 1728, doi:10.1026/j.rse.2005.09.015.
  • Komjathy, A., J. Maslanik, V. U. Zavorotny, P. Axelrad, and S. J. Katzberg (2000), Sea ice remote sensing using surface reflected GPS signals, in Proceedings of IEEE 2000 International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, IGARSS 2000, pp. 28552857, IEEE Press, Piscataway, N. J.
  • Komjathy, A., M. Armatys, D. Masters, and P. Axelrad (2004), Retrieval of ocean surface wind speed and wind direction using reflected GPS signals, J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol., 21, 515526.
  • Lagerloef, G., et al. (2008), The Aquarius/SAC-D mission: Designed to meet the salinity remote-sensing challenge, Oceanography, 21, 6881.
  • Lang, R., Y. Tarkocin, C. Utku, and D. L. Vine (2008), Accurate L-band dielectric constant measurements of seawater, in Microwave Radiometry and Remote Sensing of the Environment, 2008. MICRORAD 2008, pp. 14, IEEE Press, Piscataway, N. J., doi:10.1109/MICRAD.2008.4579507.
  • Lie-Chung, S., J. Jyh-Ching, T. Ching-Lang, C. Chia-Chyang, K. Ping-Ya, and T. Ching-Liang (2009), Stream soil moisture estimation by reflected GPS signals with ground truth measurements, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas., 58(3), 730737, doi:10.1109/TIM.2008.2005821.
  • Lowe, S. T., C. Zuffada, Y. Chao, P. Kroger, L. E. Young, and J. L. LaBrecque (2002), 5-cm-precision aircraft ocean altimetry using GPS reflections, Geophys. Res. Lett., 29(10), 1375, doi:10.1029/2002GL014759.
  • Manandhar, D., R. Shibasaki, and H. Torimoto (2006), Prototype software-based receiver for remote sensing using reflected GPS signals, paper presented at 19th International Technical Meeting of the Satellite Division of the Institute of Navigation (ION GNSS 2006), Inst. of Navig., Fort Worth, Tex., 26 – 29 Sept.
  • Marchan-Hernandez, J., N. Rodriguez-Alvarez, A. Camps, X. Bosch-Lluis, I. Ramos-Perez, and E. Valencia (2008), Correction of the sea state impact in the L-band brightness temperature by means of delay-doppler maps of global navigation satellite signals reflected over the sea surface, IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., 46, 29142923.
  • Martín-Neira, M. (1993), A Passive Reflectometry and Interferometry System (PARIS): Application to ocean altimetry, ESA J., 17, 331355.
  • Martín-Neira, M., M. Caparrini, J. Font-Rosselló, S. Lannelongue, and C. S. Vallmitjana (2001), The PARIS concept: An experimental demonstration of sea surface altimetry using GPS reflected signals, IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., 39, 142149.
  • Masters, D., P. Axelrad, and S. Katzberg (2004), Initial results of land-reflected GPS bistatic radar measurements in SMEX02, Remote Sens. Environ., 92, 507520, doi:10.1016/j.rse.2004.05.016.
  • McCarthy, D. D., and G. Petit (Eds.) (2004), IERS conventions (2003), IERS Tech. Note 32, 127 pp., Int. Earth Rotation and Ref. Syst. Serv., Frankfurt am Main, Germany.
  • McMullan, K., M. Brown, M. Martín-Neira, W. Rits, J. Marti, and J. Lemansczyk (2008), SMOS: The payload, IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., 46, 594605.
  • Miranda, J., M. Vall-llosera, A. Camps, N. Duffo, I. Corbella, and J. Etcheto (2003), Sea state effect on the sea surface emissivity at L-band, IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., 41, 23072315.
  • Misra, P., and P. Enge (2006), Global Positioning System: Signals, Measurements, and Performance, Ganga-Jamuna, Lincoln, Mass.
  • Niell, A. (1996), Global mapping functions for the atmospheric delay at radio wavelengths, J. Geophys. Res., 101, 32273246, doi:10.1029/95JB03048.
  • Nogués-Correig, O., E. Cardellach Galí, J. Sanz Campderròs, and A. Rius (2007), A GPS-reflections receiver that computes Doppler/delay maps in real time, IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., 45, 156174.
  • Rice, S. (1951), Reflection of electromagnetic waves from slightly rough surfaces, Commun. Pure Appl. Math., 4(2–3), 351378.
  • Rius, A., J. M. Aparicio, E. Cardellach, M. Martín-Neira, and B. Chapron (2002), Sea surface state measured using GPS reflected signals, Geophys. Res. Lett., 29(23), 2122, doi:10.1029/2002GL015524.
  • Rius, A., E. Cardellach, and M. Martín-Neira (2010), Altimetric analysis of the sea surface GPS reflected signals, IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., 48(4), 21192127, doi:10.1109/TGRS.2009.2036721.
  • Rodriguez-Alvarez, N., et al. (2011), Land geophysical parameters retrieval using the interference pattern GNSS-R technique, IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., 49, 7184, doi:10.1109/TGRS.2010.2049023.
  • Ruffini, G., F. Soulat, M. Caparrini, O. Germain, and M. Martín-Neira (2004), The eddy experiment: Accurate GNSS-R ocean altimetry from low altitude aircraft, Geophys. Res. Lett., 31, L12306, doi:10.1029/2004GL019994.
  • Semmling, A. M., et al. (2011), Detection of Arctic Ocean tides using interferometric GNSS-R signals, Geophys. Res. Lett., 38, L04103, doi:10.1029/2010GL046005.
  • Soulat, F., M. Caparrini, O. Germain, P. Lopez-Dekker, M. Taani, and G. Ruffini (2004), Sea state monitoring using coastal GNSS-R, Geophys. Res. Lett., 31, L21303, doi:10.1029/2004GL020680.
  • Spilker, J. J., B. W. Parkinson, P. Axelrad, and P. Enge (Eds.) (1996), Global Positioning System: Theory and Applications, Am. Inst. of Aeronaut. and Astronaut., Washington, D. C.
  • Townsend, B., and R. Fenton (1994), A practical approach to the reduction of pseudo-range multipath errors in an L1 GPS receiver, paper presented at 7th International Technical Meeting of the Satellite Division of the U.S. Institute of Navigation (ION GPS 1994), Inst. of Navig., Salt Lake City, Utah, 20 – 23 Sept.
  • Treuhaft, R. N., S. T. Lowe, C. Zuffada, and Y. Chao (2001), Two-cm GPS altimetry over Crater Lake, Geophys. Res. Lett., 28(23), 43434346.
  • Ulaby, F., R. Moore, and A. Fung (1990), Microwave Remote Sensing: Active and Passive, vol. 3, Artech House, Boston, Mass.
  • Valencia, E., J. F. Marchan-Hernandez, A. Camps, N. Rodriguez-Alvarez, J. M. Tarongi, M. Piles, I. Ramos-Perez, X. Bosch-Lluis, M. Vall-llossera, and P. Ferre (2009), Experimental relationship between the sea brightness temperature changes and the GNSS-R delay-Doppler maps: Preliminary results of the albatross field experiments, in Proceedings of Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium 2009, IGARSS 2009, vol. 3, pp. III-741III-744, IEEE Press, Piscataway, N. J., doi:10.1109/IGARSS.2009.5417871.
  • Valencia, E., A. Camps, J. F. Marchan-Hernandez, N. Rodriguez-Alvarez, I. Ramos-Perez, and X. Bosch-Lluis (2010), Experimental determination of the sea correlation time using GNSS-R coherent data, IEEE Geosci. Remote Sens. Lett., 7(4), 675679, doi:10.1109/LGRS.2010.2046135.
  • Vall-llossera, M., M. Cardona, S. Blanch, A. Camps, A. Monerris, and I. Corbella (2005), L-band dielectric properties of different soil types collected during the MOUSE 2004 field experiment, in Proceedings of 2005 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, IGARSS'05, vol. 2, pp. 11091112, IEEE Press, Piscataway, N. J., doi:10.1109/IGARSS.2005.1525309.
  • Voronovich, A. G. (1994), Small-slope approximation for electromagnetic wave scattering at a rough interface of two dielectric half-spaces, Waves Random Media, 4, 337367.
  • Wagner, C., and J. Klokocnik (2003), The value of ocean reflections of GPS signals to enhance satellite altimetry: Data distribution and error analysis, J. Geod., 77, 128138.
  • Wessel, P., and W. H. F. Smith (1991), Free software helps map and display data, Eos Trans. AGU, 72(41), 441.
  • Wiehl, M., R. Légrésy, and R. Dietrich (2003), Potential of reflected GNSS signals for ice sheet remote sensing, Prog. Electromagn. Res., 40, 177205.
  • Winebrenner, D., L. Tsang, B. Wen, and R. West (1989), Sea-ice characterization measurements needed for testing of microwave remote sensing models, IEEE J. Oceanic Eng., 14(2), 149158, doi:10.1109/48.16828.
  • Wu, J., S. Wu, G. Hajj, W. Bertiger, and S. Lichten (1993), Effects of antenna orientation on GPS carrier phase, Manuscripta Geod., 18(2), 9198.
  • Zavorotny, V. U., and A. G. Voronovich (2000a), Scattering of GPS signals from the ocean with wind remote sensing application, IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., 38, 951964.
  • Zavorotny, V. U., and A. G. Voronovich (2000b), Bistatic GPS signal reflections at various polarizations from rough land surface with moisture content, in Proceedings of IEEE 2000 International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, IGARSS 2000, vol. 7, pp. 28522854, IEEE Press, Piscataway, N. J., doi:10.1109/IGARSS.2000.860269.
  • Zavorotny, V., and C. Zuffada (2002), A novel technique for characterizing the thickness of first-year sea-ice with the GPS reflected signal, Eos Trans. AGU, 83(47), Fall Meet. Suppl., Abstract C11A-0980.
  • Zavorotny, V. U., D. Masters, A. Gasiewski, B. Bartram, S. Katzberg, P. Axelrad, and R. Zamora (2003), Seasonal polarimetric measurements of soil moisture using tower-based GPS bistatic radar, in Proceedings of IEEE 2003 International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, IGARSS 2003, vol. 2, pp. 781783, IEEE Press, Piscataway, N. J., doi:10.1109/IGARSS.2003.1293916.