Fast and accurate calculation of multipath spread from VOACAP predictions



[1] Improved predictions of multipath spread at HF have been obtained from VOACAP by including the effect of probability distribution functions of the signal power rather than just taking the median signal power. A Monte Carlo calculation method has been adopted that is superior in terms of accuracy and computation speed over the brute force method previously employed. The predictions of multipath spread are generally comparable with the values measured over an 1800 km sub-auroral path. The new method will be useful to those planning or operating digitally modulated radio systems in the HF band since these can be adversely affected by multipath spread.