Independent effects of temperature and precipitation on modeled runoff in the conterminous United States
Article first published online: 22 NOV 2011
Copyright 2011 by the American Geophysical Union.
Water Resources Research
Volume 47, Issue 11, November 2011
How to Cite
2011), Independent effects of temperature and precipitation on modeled runoff in the conterminous United States, Water Resour. Res., 47, W11522, doi:10.1029/2011WR010630., and (
- Issue published online: 22 NOV 2011
- Article first published online: 22 NOV 2011
- Manuscript Accepted: 12 OCT 2011
- Manuscript Revised: 5 OCT 2011
- Manuscript Received: 3 MAR 2011
- climate change;
- water balance
 A water-balance model is used to simulate time series of water-year runoff for 4 km × 4 km grid cells for the conterminous United States during the 1900–2008 period. Model outputs are used to examine the separate effects of precipitation and temperature on runoff variability. Overall, water-year runoff has increased in the conterminous United States and precipitation has accounted for almost all of the variability in water-year runoff during the past century. In contrast, temperature effects on runoff have been small for most locations in the United States even during periods when temperatures for most of the United States increased significantly.