SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Allen, R. G., L. S. Pereira, D. Raes, and M. Smith (1998), Crop evapotranspiration: Guidelines for computing crop water requirements, Irrig. Drain. Pap., 56, 300 pp.
  • Arnell, N. W. (2011), Uncertainty in the relationship between climate forcing and hydrological response in UK catchments, Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 15, 897912.
  • Bates, B. C., Z. W. Kundzewicz, S. Wu, and J. Palutikof (Eds.) (2008), Climate Change and Water: Technical Paper of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, 210 pp., IPCC Secr., Geneva.
  • Bebbington, A., D. H. Bebbington, J. Bury, J. Lingan, and J. P. Muñoz (2008), Mining and social movements: Struggles over livelihood and rural territorial development in the Andes, World Dev., 36, 28882905.
  • Beniston, M. (2003), Climate change in mountain regions: A review of possible impacts, Clim. Change, 59, 531.
  • Beven, K. (2011), I believe in climate change but how precautionary do we need to be in planning for the future?, Hydrol. Processes, 25, 15171520.
  • Bookhagen, B., and M. R. Strecker (2008), Orographic barriers, high-resolution TRMM rainfall, and relief variations along the eastern Andes, Geophys. Res. Lett., 35, L06403, doi:10.1029/2007GL032011.
  • Bradley, R. S., M. Vuille, H. F. Diaz, and W. Vergara (2006), Threats to water supplies in the tropical Andes, Science, 312, 17551756.
  • Bradley, R. S., F. T. Keimig, H. F. Diaz, and D. R. Hardy (2009), Recent changes in freezing level heights in the Tropics with implications for the deglacierization of high mountain regions, Geophys. Res. Lett., 36, L17701, doi:10.1029/2009GL037712.
  • Bruijnzeel, L. A., and E. J. Veneklaas (1998), Climatic conditions and tropical montaine forest production: the fog has not lifted yet, Ecology, 79, 39.
  • Buytaert, W., J. Deckers, and G. Wyseure (2006a), Description and classification of highly weathered Andosols in the south Ecuadorian páramo, Geomorphology, 73, 207221.
  • Buytaert, W., R. Célleri, B. De Bièvre, R. Hofstede, F. Cisneros, G. Wyseure, and J. Deckers (2006b), Human impact on the hydrology of the Andean páramos, Earth Sci. Rev., 79, 5372.
  • Buytaert, W., R. Célleri, and L. Timbe (2009), Predicting climate change impacts on water resources in the tropical Andes: Effects of GCM uncertainty, Geophys. Res. Lett., 36, L07406, doi:10.1029/2008GL037048.
  • Buytaert, W., F. Cuesta-Camacho, and C. Tobon (2011a), Potential impacts of climate change on the environmental services of humid tropical alpine regions, Global Ecol. Biogeogr., 20, 1933.
  • Buytaert, W., M. Vuille, A. Dewulf, R. Urrutia, A. Karmalkar, and R. Célleri (2011b), Uncertainties in climate change projections and regional downscaling: Implications for water resources management, Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 14, 12471258.
  • Center for International Earth Science Information Network, Columbia University, and Centro Internacional de Agricultura Tropical (CIAT) (2005), Gridded population of the world version 3 (gpwv3), technical report, Socioecon. Data and Appl. Cent., Columbia Univ., New York. [Available at http://sedac.ciesin.columbia.edu/gpw.]
  • De Bièvre, B., and X. Coello (2008), Caracterización de la demanda hídrica, proyecto manejo integrado de los recursos hidricos en La Hoya de Quito, technical report, Int. Union for Conserv. of Nat./Fondo para la Protección del Agua, Quito.
  • Dessai, S., and M. Hulme (2007), Assessing the robustness of adaptation decisions to climate change uncertainties: A case study on water resources management in the east of England, Global Environ. Change, 17, 5972.
  • Diaz, H. F., J. K. E. C. Duncan, and R. S. Bradley (2003), Variability of freezing levels, melting season indicators and snow cover for selected high elevation and continental regions in the last 50 years, Clim. Change, 59, 3352.
  • Döll, P., F. Kaspar, and B. Lehner (2003), A global hydrological model for deriving water availability indicators: Model tuning and validation, J. Hydrol., 270, 105134.
  • Falkenmark, M., and C. Wistrand (1992), Population and Water Resources: A Delicate Balance, Popul. Ref. Bur., Washington, D. C.
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) (2003), Review of world water resources by country, Water Rep. 23, Rome.
  • Gerlach, E., and R. Franceys (2010), Regulating water services for all in developing economies, World Dev., 39, 12291240.
  • Gosling, S. N., R. G. Taylor, N. W. Arnell, and M. C. Todd (2011), A comparative analysis of projected impacts of climate change on river runoff from global and catchment-scale hydrological models, Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 15, 279294.
  • Gray, C. L. (2009), Environment, land, and rural out-migration in the southern Ecuadorian Andes, World Development, 37, 457468.
  • Guisan, A., and N. E. Zimmerman (2011), Predictive habitat distribution models in ecology, Ecol. Modell., 135, 147186.
  • Haylock, M. R., et al. (2006), Trends in total and extreme South American rainfall in 1960–2000 and links with sea surface temperature, J. Clim., 19, 14901512.
  • Hunt, A., and P. Watkiss (2011), Climate change impacts and adaptation in cities: A review of the literature, Clim. Change, 104, 1349.
  • Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) (2007), Climate Change 2007—Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability, Cambridge Univ. Press, Cambridge, U. K.
  • Josse, C., F. Cuesta, G. Navarro, V. Barrena, E. Cabrera, E. Chacón-Moreno, W. Ferreira, M. Peralvo, J. Saito, and A. Tovar (2009), Mapa de ecosistemas de los andes del norte y centrales. bolivia, colombia, ecuador, perú y venezuela, technical report, CAN, Programa Reg. ECOBONA-Intercoop., CONDESAN-Proyecto Páramo Andino, Programa BioAndes, EcoCiencia, NatureServe, IAvH, LTA-UNALM, ICAE-ULA, CDC-UNALM, RUMBOL SRL, Lima.
  • Malhi, Y., L. E. O. C. Aragão, D. Galbraith, C. Huntingford, R. Fisher, P. Zelazowski, S. Sitch, C. McSweeney, and P. Meir (2009), Exploring the likelihood and mechanism of a climate-change-induced dieback of the Amazon rainforest, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A., 106, 20,61020,615.
  • Maraun, D., et al. (2010), Precipitation downscaling under climate change: Recent developments to bridge the gap between dynamical models and the end user, Rev. Geophys., 48, RG3003, doi:10.1029/2009RG000314.
  • Mark, B. G., and G. M. Mckenzie (2007), Tracing increasing tropical Andean glacier melt with stable isotopes in water, Environ. Sci. Technol., 41, 69556960.
  • Messerli, B., D. Viviroli, and R. Weingartner (2004), Mountains of the world: Vulnerable water towers for the 21st century, Ambio Spec. Rep., 13, 2934.
  • Minvielle, M., and R. Garreaud (2011), Projecting rainfall changes over the South American altiplano, J. Clim., 24, 45774583.
  • Mulligan, M., et al. (2011), The nature and impact of climate change in the challenge program on water and food (CPWF) basins, Water Int., 36, 96124.
  • New, M., D. Lister, M. Hulme, and I. Makin (2000), A high-resolution data set of surface climate over global land areas, Clim. Res., 21, 125.
  • Oudin, L., V. Andréassian, J. Lerat, and C. Michel (2008), Has land cover a significant impact on mean annual streamflow? an international assessment using 1508 catchments, J. Hydrol., 357, 303316.
  • Servicio Nacional de Meteorología e Hidrología del Perú (2007a), Escenarios de cambio climático en la cuenca del río Mantaro para el año 2100, techincal report, Lima.
  • Servicio Nacional de Meteorología e Hidrología del Perú (2007b), Escenarios de cambio climático en la cuenca del río Urubamba para el año 2100, techincal report, Lima.
  • Siebert, S., and P. Döll (2010), Quantifying blue and green virtual water contents in global crop production as well as potential production losses without irrigation, J. Hydrol., 384, 198217.
  • Stainforth, D. A., T. E. Downing, R. Washington, A. Lopez, and M. New (2007), Issues in the interpretation of climate model ensembles to inform decisions, Philos. Trans. R. Soc. A, 365, 21632177.
  • Still, C. J., P. N. Foster, and S. H. Schneider (1999), Simulating the effects of climate change on tropical montane cloud forests, Nature, 398, 608610.
  • Todd, M. C., R. G. Taylor, T. J. Osborn, D. G. Kingston, N. W. Arnell, and S. N. Gosling (2011), Uncertainty in climate change impacts on basin-scale freshwater resources—Preface to the special issue: the QUEST-GSI methodology and synthesis of results, Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 15, 10351046.
  • Unidad Administrativa Especial Sistema de Parques Nacionales Naturales (2000), Plan estratégico y de manejo para el Parque Nacional Natural Chingaza y su zona de influencia, Minist. del Medio Ambiente, Bogota.
  • United Nations Population Division (UNDP) (2008), World population prospects: The 2008 revision population database, techical report, New York.
  • Vera, C., G. Silvestri, B. Liebmann, and P. González (2006), Climate change scenarios for seasonal precipitation in South America from IPCC-AR4 models, Geophys. Res. Lett., 33, L13707, doi:10.1029/2006GL025759.
  • Villacis, M. (2008), Ressources en eau glaciaire dans les Andes d'Equateur en relation avec les variations du climat: Le cas du volcan Antisana, Ph.D. thesis, Univ. Montpellier 2, Montpellier, France.
  • Villar, J. C. E., J. Ronchail, J. L. Guyot, G. Cochonneau, F. Naziano, W. Lavado, E. D. Oliveira, R. Pombosa, and P. Vauchel (2008), Spatio-temporal rainfall variability in the Amazon basin countries (Brazil, Peru, Bolivia, Colombia, and Ecuador), Int. J. Climatol., 29, 15741594.
  • Viviroli, D., H. H. Dürr, B. Messerli, M. Meybeck, and R. Weingartner (2007), Mountains of the world, water towers for humanity: Typology, mapping, and global significance, Water Resour. Res., 43, W07447, doi:10.1029/2006WR005653.
  • Viviroli, D., et al. (2011), Climate change and mountain water resources: Overview and recommendations for research, management and policy, Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 15, 471504.
  • Vörösmarty, C. J., P. Green, J. Salisbury, and R. B. Lammers (2000), Global water resources: Vulnerability from climate change and population growth, Science, 289, 284288.
  • Vörösmarty, C. J., P. B. McIntyre, M. O. Gessner, D. Dudgeon, A. Prusevich, S. G. P. Green, S. E. Bunn, C. A. Sullivan, C. R. Liermann, and P. M. Davies (2010), Global threats to human water security and river biodiversity, Nature, 467, 555561.
  • Vuille, M., and F. Keimig (2004), Interannual variability of summertime convective cloudiness and precipitation in the central Andes derived from ISCCP-B3 data, J. Clim., 17, 33343348.
  • Vuille, M., R. S. Bradley, and F. Keimig (2000a), Climate variability in the Andes of Ecuador and its relation to tropical Pacific and Atlantic sea surface temperature anomalies, J. Clim., 13, 25202535.
  • Vuille, M., R. S. Bradley, and F. Keimig (2000b), Interannual climate variability in the central Andes and its relation to tropical Pacific and Atlantic forcing, J. Geophys. Res., 105, 12,44712,460.
  • Vuille, M., R. S. Bradley, M. Werner, and F. Keimig (2003), 20th century climate change in the tropical Andes: observations and model results, Clim. Change, 59, 7599.
  • Vuille, M., B. Francou, P. Wagnon, I. Juen, G. Kaser, B. G. Mark, and R. S. Bradley (2008), Climate change and tropical Andean glaciers: Past, present and future, Earth Sci. Rev., 89, 7996.