• IMOS;
  • OceanSITES;
  • SOFS;
  • Southern Ocean;
  • air-sea flux;
  • mooring

The Southern Ocean makes up nearly a quarter of the global ocean by surface area and plays a powerful role in regulating Earth's climate by affecting ocean and atmospheric circulation patterns. Modeled representations of the Southern Ocean, however, are plagued by uncertainty. Obtaining direct observations of Southern Ocean properties with which to confirm the modeled estimates is difficult in such hostile polar conditions. To help overcome this shortfall, the Southern Ocean Flux Station (SOFS), the first moored sensor array to ever be successfully deployed in the Southern Ocean, was set up south of Australia.