Continuous production of nanosized magnetite through low grade burial

Authors

  • Myriam Kars,

    1. Laboratoire de Géologie, Ecole Normale Supérieure, UMR8538 CNRS, 24 Rue Lhomond, FR-75231 Paris CEDEX 05, France
    2. Laboratoire des Fluides Complexes et leurs Réservoirs, Université de Pau et des Pays de l'Adour, UMR5150 CNRS TOTAL, Avenue de l'Université, FR-64013 Pau CEDEX, France
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  • Charles Aubourg,

    1. Laboratoire des Fluides Complexes et leurs Réservoirs, Université de Pau et des Pays de l'Adour, UMR5150 CNRS TOTAL, Avenue de l'Université, FR-64013 Pau CEDEX, France
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  • Jean-Pierre Pozzi,

    1. Laboratoire de Géologie, Ecole Normale Supérieure, UMR8538 CNRS, 24 Rue Lhomond, FR-75231 Paris CEDEX 05, France
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  • Dominik Janots

    1. Laboratoire de Géologie, Ecole Normale Supérieure, UMR8538 CNRS, 24 Rue Lhomond, FR-75231 Paris CEDEX 05, France
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Abstract

[1] Geological processes, such as burial, can lead to remagnetization in rocks due to neoformed magnetic minerals that have passed a critical volume, called blocking volume. In this study, we designed a heating experiment for claystones obtained from the Paris Basin (France), in the 50–130°C temperature range, in order to simulate <4 km burial remagnetization. At a given temperature, remanence increased rapidly within a couple of days and stabilized afterward. There was a positive relation between the experimental temperature and the obtained remanence. Remanence was determined to be carried equally by stable chemical remanent magnetization and unstable thermo-viscous remanent magnetization. By assuming that magnetite formed during the experiment, we interpreted the increase of chemical remanent magnetization and the increase of thermo-viscous remanent magnetization as the continuous growth of the >20 nm and ∼20 nm minerals respectively. This result led us to propose a conceptual model of nucleation-and-growth process of magnetite during low grade burial from ∼2 to ∼4 km depth. Ultrafine magnetite (≤20 nm) was predominant over single domain magnetite (>20 nm) for <4 km depth. Transposed to natural conditions, our heating steps experiment suggested that claystone-type rocks are remagnetized during burial. For temperatures higher than 200°C, the extrapolation of our results indicated that burial remagnetization, due to the chemical remanent magnetization, might be larger than the natural remanent magnetization.

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