Correction to “Volcanic forcing of climate over the past 1500 years: An improved ice core-based index for climate models”



This article corrects:

  1. Volcanic forcing of climate over the past 1500 years: An improved ice core-based index for climate models Volume 113, Issue D23, Article first published online: 13 December 2008

[1] In the paper “Volcanic forcing of climate over the past 1500 years: An improved ice core–based index for climate models” by C. Gao et al. (Journal of Geophysical Research, 113, D23111, doi:10.1029/2008JD010239, 2008) an erroneous longitude was given in one of the ice cores – DML_B33 – in Table 1 as well as Figure 1. The correct coordinates should be “75.2°S, 6.5°E” instead of “75.2°S, 6.5°W.” The corrected Figure 1 and Table 1 are below.

Figure 1.

Distribution of ice core sites in the Arctic and Antarctic. See Table 1 for details about each time series.

Table 1. Ice Core Time Series Used in the Studya
NameLocationPeriodResolutionMeasure TypeUnitsReference
  • a

    ECM, electrical conductivity measurement; DEP, dielectric profiling; NSS SO4, non-sea-salt sulfate; CFA, continuous flow analysis; NSS-conductivity, non-sea-salt conductivity; EXS, excess sulfate.

  • b

    Used by Robock and Free [1995].

A84b80.7°N, 73.1°W1223–19611/aECMμAFisher et al. [1995]
A77b80.7°N, 73.1°W453–18531/aECMμAFisher et al. [1995]
NGT_B2079°N, 36.5°W830–199312/aCFAng/g (ppb)Bigler et al. [2002]
NorthGRIP1.ECM75.1°N, 42.3°W190–19692/aECM Gao et al. [2006]
NorthGRIP1.SO475.1°N, 42.3°W190–19691/atotal SO4μequiv/kgGao et al. [2006]
GISP2b72.6°N, 38.5°W1–19840.5/aNSS SO4ppbZielinski [1995]
Dye3 deep72.6°N, 37.6°W1–17684/aECM Gao et al. [2006]
Greenland Site T72.6°N,38.5 W1731–19891/aEXSkg/km2Mosley-Thompson et al. [1993]
GRIP main71.3°N, 26.7°W1–16424/aECM Gao et al. [2006]
Crête71.1°N, 37.3°W553–17784/aECM Gao et al. [2006]
Greenland Site A70.8°N, 36°W1715–19851/aEXSkg/km2Mosley-Thompson et al. [1993]
Renland70.6°N, 35.8°W1000–19841/aECM Gao et al. [2006]
20Db65°N, 45°W1767–19831/aNSS SO4ng/gMayewski et al. [1990]
Mt. Loganb60.6°N, 141°W1689–19791/atotal SO4μequiv/LMayewski et al. [1993]
Law Dome66.7°S 112.8°E1301–199512/aNSS SO4μequiv/LPalmer et al. [2002]
Dyer70.7°S, 65°W1505–19891/atotal SO4 fluxkg/km2Cole-Dai et al. [1997]
G15b71.2°S, 46°E1210–1983variesDEPμS/mMoore et al. [1991]
Talos Dome72.8°S, 159.1°E1217–1996variesNSS SO4μequiv/LStenni et al. [2002]
Herculese Névé73.1°S, 165.5°E1774–19921/aNSS SO4μequiv/LStenni et al. [2002]
Dome Cb74.7°S, 124.2°E1763–19731/aNSS SO4μequiv./LLegrand and Delmas [1987]
DML_B32.SO475°S, 0°W159–1997variesNSS SO4ng/gTraufetter et al. [2004]
DML_B32.ECM75°S, 0°W159–199712/aNSS-conductivityμS/cmSommer et al. [2000a]
DML_B3375.2°S, 6.5°E1–199612/aNSS-conductivityμS/cmSommer et al. [2000a]
DML_B3175.6°S, 3.5°W463–199412/aNSS-conductivityμS/cmSommer et al. [2000a]
Siple Station76°S, 84.3°W1417–19831/aTotal SO4 fluxkg/km2Cole-Dai et al. [1997]
ITASE 01–577°S, 89°W1781–2002variesSO4μg/LDixon et al. [2004]
ITASE 00–577.7°S, 124°W1708–2001variesSO4μg/LDixon et al. [2004]
ITASE 00–478°S, 120°W1799–2001variesSO4μg/LDixon et al. [2004]
ITASE 01–378.1°S, 95.6°W1859–2002variesSO4μg/LDixon et al. [2004]
ITASE 00–179.4°S, 111°W1651–2001variesSO4μg/LDixon et al. [2004]
ITASE 99–180.6°S,122.6°W1713–2000variesSO4μg/LDixon et al. [2004]
Plateau Remoteb84°S, 43°E1–19861/aSO4ppbCole-Dai et al. [2000]
PS1b90°S1010–19841/aNSS SO4ng/gDelmas et al. [1992]
PS14b90°S1800–19841/aNSS SO4ng/gDelmas et al. [1992]
SP2001c190°S905–19991/aTotal SO4 fluxkg/km2Budner and Cole-Dai [2003]
SP9590°S1487–1992variesSO4μg/LDixon et al. [2004]