World stress map: International workshop on the European contribution
Article first published online: 3 JUN 2011
©1989. American Geophysical Union. All Rights Reserved.
Eos, Transactions American Geophysical Union
Volume 70, Issue 48, pages 1520–1521, 28 November 1989
How to Cite
1989), World stress map: International workshop on the European contribution, Eos Trans. AGU, 70(48), 1520–1521, doi:10.1029/89EO00375., , and (
- Issue published online: 3 JUN 2011
- Article first published online: 3 JUN 2011
Ever since the recognition of plate tectonics as a major Earth process, maps of the orientation of stress in Earth's crust have given us one of the most direct clues to the forces that drive plate movements. We now know from these maps that stress orientations are consistent on a regional scale, that the boundaries between provinces of uniform stress direction generally coincide with major physiographic and structural boundaries, and that for many regions the orientation of the maximum compressive horizontal stress generally coincides with directions of plate motion [e.g., Zoback and Zoback, 1989].
On a regional scale, maps of crustal stress have provided striking evidence of the low strength of plate margin at the San Andreas Fault in California [M. D. Zoback et al, 1988]. In industry, maps of stress orientations have been used to plan secondary recovery projects for oil and gas [Bell and Babcock, 1986] and evaluate seismic risk near critical facilities [e.g., Stock et al., 1985].