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A number of different groups in Canada carry out research on the physics and chemistry of minerals. The majority of the research is conducted within universities, with the remainder occurring at government laboratories. Research groups span a wide range of disciplines, which include physics, chemistry, and materials science, as well as geology.

Mineral physics research in Canada differs somewhat from the research that is carried out south of the border, and the difference can be attributed to several factors. With a population of one-tenth that of its southern neighbor, Canada has significantly fewer scientists working on mineral physics problems. The smaller number of scientists combined with the vast area over which Canadian research institutions are distributed means that there are fewer scientists per institution that are working on mineral physics problems. The result is that many research groups focus not on mineral physics alone, but on problems such as magnetic properties of materials, with studies of minerals being but one component of the research.