Ice core evidence for an explosive tropical volcanic eruption 6 years preceding Tambora
Article first published online: 21 SEP 2012
Copyright 1991 by the American Geophysical Union.
Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres (1984–2012)
Volume 96, Issue D9, pages 17361–17366, 20 September 1991
How to Cite
1991), Ice core evidence for an explosive tropical volcanic eruption 6 years preceding Tambora, J. Geophys. Res., 96(D9), 17361–17366, doi:10.1029/91JD01634., , and (
- Issue published online: 21 SEP 2012
- Article first published online: 21 SEP 2012
- Manuscript Accepted: 18 JUN 1991
- Manuscript Received: 28 FEB 1991
High-resolution analyses of ice cores from Antarctica and Greenland reveal an explosive volcanic eruption in the tropics in A.D. 1809 which is not reflected in the historical record. A comparison in the same ice cores of the sulfate flux from the A.D. 1809 eruption to that from the Tambora eruption (A.D. 1815) indicates a near-equatorial location and a magnitude roughly half that of Tambora. Thus this event should be considered comparable to other eruptions producing large volumes of sulfur-rich gases such as Coseguina, Krakatau, Agung, and El Chichón. The increase in the atmospheric concentration of sulfuric acid may have contributed to the northern hemisphere cooling observed in the early nineteenth century and may account partially for the decline in surface temperatures which preceded the eruption of Tambora in A.D. 1815.