A simple lightning parameterization for calculating global lightning distributions
Article first published online: 21 SEP 2012
Copyright 1992 by the American Geophysical Union.
Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres (1984–2012)
Volume 97, Issue D9, pages 9919–9933, 20 June 1992
How to Cite
1992), A simple lightning parameterization for calculating global lightning distributions, J. Geophys. Res., 97(D9), 9919–9933, doi:10.1029/92JD00719., and (
- Issue published online: 21 SEP 2012
- Article first published online: 21 SEP 2012
- Manuscript Accepted: 27 MAR 1992
- Manuscript Received: 24 OCT 1991
A simple parameterization has been developed to simulate global lightning distributions. Convective cloud top height is used as the variable in the parameterization, with different formulations for continental and marine thunderstorms. The parameterization has been validated using two lightning data sets: one global and one regional. In both cases the simulated lightning distributions and frequencies are in very good agreement with the observed lightning data. This parameterization could be used for global studies of lightning climatology; the Earth's electric circuit; in general circulation models for modeling global lightning activity, atmospheric NOx concentrations, and perhaps forest fire distributions for both the present and future climate; and, possibly, even as a short-term forecasting aid.