The accuracy of time comparison by means of the reception of common time signals, namely, LORAN-C and Global Positioning System (GPS), is examined. Differences of UTC from the emission times of these two radio wave signals measured at four Japanese stations and one U.S. station are analyzed and compared with the clock comparison reports published by the Bureau International des Poids et Mesures. The accuracy of the time comparison via LORAN-C signals of the northwest Pacific chain is about 3.61 μs and that via GPS is 0.14 μs. The accuracy analysis reveals the existence of systematic errors at the individual stations. In LORAN-C, the most serious error comes from those in the delay time calibration of receiving instruments and estimation of the propagation delay over land. Calibration of the clocks by a portable clock improves the accuracy of the GPS method to the accuracy of the GPS signals.