Tsunami field survey of the 1992 Nicaragua earthquake

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Abstract

An earthquake with surface magnitude (Ms ) 7.0 occurred 100 km off the Nicaraguan coast on September 2, 1992 (GMT). Despite its moderate size, this earthquake generated a sizable tsunami, which caused extensive damage along the coast of Nicaragua. In late September, about 170 people, mostly children, were listed dead or missing; 500 were listed injured; and over 13,000 were listed homeless, with more than 1500 homes destroyed. Damage was the most significant since the 1983 Japan Sea earthquake tsunami, which killed 100 people in Japan. The Flores (Indonesia) earthquake and tsunami of December 12, 1992, were more destructive than the Nicaragua or Japan Sea events.

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