Radio Science

Two-dimensional location and shape reconstruction


  • R. E. Kleinman,

  • P. M. van den Berg


A method for reconstructing the location and the shape of a bounded impenetrable object from measured scattered field data is presented. The algorithm is, in principle, the same as that used for reconstructing the conductivity of a penetrable object and uses the fact that for high conductivity the skin depth of the scatterer is small, in which case the only meaningful information produced by the algorithm is the boundary of the scatterer. A striking increase in efficiency is achieved by incorporating into the algorithm the fact that for large conductivity the contrast is dominated by a large positive imaginary part. This fact, together with the knowledge that the scatterer is constrained in some test domain, constitute the only a priori information about the scatterer that is used. There are no other implicit assumptions about the location, connectivity, convexity, or boundary conditions. Some refinements of the algorithm which reduce the number of points at which the unknown function is updated are incorporated to further increase efficiency. Results of a number of numerical examples are presented which demonstrate the effectiveness of the location and shape reconstruction algorithm.