Radio Science

Copolarized and cross-polarized enhanced backscattering from two-dimensional very rough surfaces at millimeter wave frequencies


  • Phillip Phu,

  • Akira Ishimaru,

  • Yasuo Kuga


Wideband millimeter wave experiments from 75–100 GHz on the scattering from two-dimensional very rough conducting surfaces are presented. The two-dimensional very rough surfaces are manufactured using a computer-numerical-controlled milling machine so that the surface statistics are precisely controlled. The surfaces have both Gaussian roughness statistics and Gaussian surface correlation functions. Bistatic scattering experiments on surfaces with either isotropic or anisotropic correlation functions are performed. Copolarized and cross-polarized bistatic scattering cross sections are measured for both transverse electric and transverse magnetic incidence at 20°. For isotropic surfaces, backscattering enhancement exists for both copolarized and cross-polarized returns and is found to be a function of the surface rms slope. In addition, a strong frequency dependence is observed across the 25-GHz bandwidth in the cross-polarized returns. To investigate the effect of surface correlation anisotropy, scattering experiments on anisotropic rough surfaces are also performed. It is found that the bistatic scattering cross section for an anisotropic surface is a function of the effective correlation length projected along the plane of scattering. Results on the bistatic scattering experiments presented here serve as a motivation to further pursue more elaborate and complete scattering experiments in order to advance research on scattering from very rough surfaces.