Global surface air temperature in 1995: Return to pre-Pinatubo level
Article first published online: 7 DEC 2012
Copyright 1996 by the American Geophysical Union.
Geophysical Research Letters
Volume 23, Issue 13, pages 1665–1668, 15 June 1996
How to Cite
- Issue published online: 7 DEC 2012
- Article first published online: 7 DEC 2012
- Manuscript Accepted: 22 MAR 1996
- Manuscript Received: 15 DEC 1995
Global surface air temperature has increased about 0.5°C from the minimum of mid-1992, a year after the Mt. Pinatubo eruption. Both a land-based surface air temperature record and a land-marine temperature index place the meteorological year 1995 at approximately the same level as 1990, previously the warmest year in the period of instrumental data. As El Niño warming was small in 1995, the solar cycle near a minimum, and ozone depletion near record levels, the observed high temperature supports the contention of an underlying global warming trend. The pattern of Northern Hemisphere temperature change in recent decades appears to reflect a change of atmospheric dynamics.