Evaluation and intercomparison of global atmospheric transport models using 222Rn and other short-lived tracers

Authors

  • Daniel J. Jacob,

  • Michael J. Prather,

  • Philip J. Rasch,

  • Run-Lie Shia,

  • Yves J. Balkanski,

  • Stephen R. Beagley,

  • Daniel J. Bergmann,

  • W. T. Blackshear,

  • Margaret Brown,

  • Masaru Chiba,

  • Martyn P. Chipperfield,

  • J. de Grandpré,

  • Jane E. Dignon,

  • Johann Feichter,

  • Christophe Genthon,

  • W. L. Grose,

  • Prasad S. Kasibhatla,

  • Ines Köhler,

  • Mark A. Kritz,

  • Kathy Law,

  • Joyce E. Penner,

  • Michel Ramonet,

  • Claire E. Reeves,

  • Douglas A. Rotman,

  • Deianeira Z. Stockwell,

  • Peter F. J. Van Velthoven,

  • Gé Verver,

  • Oliver Wild,

  • Hu Yang,

  • Peter Zimmermann


Abstract

Simulations of 222Rn and other short-lived tracers are used to evaluate and intercompare the representations of convective and synoptic processes in 20 global atmospheric transport models. Results show that most established three-dimensional models simulate vertical mixing in the troposphere to within the constraints offered by the observed mean 222Rn concentrations and that subgrid parameterization of convection is essential for this purpose. However, none of the models captures the observed variability of 222Rn concentrations in the upper troposphere, and none reproduces the high 222Rn concentrations measured at 200 hPa over Hawaii. The established three-dimensional models reproduce the frequency and magnitude of high-222Rn episodes observed at Crozet Island in the Indian Ocean, demonstrating that they can resolve the synoptic-scale transport of continental plumes with no significant numerical diffusion. Large differences between models are found in the rates of meridional transport in the upper troposphere (interhemispheric exchange, exchange between tropics and high latitudes). The four two-dimensional models which participated in the intercomparison tend to underestimate the rate of vertical transport from the lower to the upper troposphere but show concentrations of 222Rn in the lower troposphere that are comparable to the zonal mean values in the three-dimensional models.

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