SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Aagaard, K., P. Greisman, Toward new mass and heat budgets for the Arctic Ocean, J. Geophys. Res., 8027, 38213827, 1975.
  • Aagaard, K., J. H. Swift, E. G. Carmack, Thermohaline circulation in the Arctic Mediterranean Seas, J. Geophys. Res., 90C3, 48334846, 1985.
  • Anderson, L. G., E. P. Jones, K. P. Koftennann, P. Schlosser, J. H. Swift, D.W.R. Wallace, The first oceanographic section across the Nansen Basin in the Arctic Ocean, Deep Sea Res. Part A, 36, 475482, 1989.
  • Arkhipov, S. A., V. G. Bespaly, M. A. Faustova, O. Y. Glushkova, L. L. Isayeva, A. A. Velichko, Ice-sheet reconstructions, Quat. Sci. Rev., 5, 475783, 1986a.
  • Arkhipov, S. A., L. L. Isayeva, V. G. Bespaly, O. Glushkova, Glaciation of Siberia and north-east USSR, Quat. Sci. Rev., 5, 463474, 1986b.
  • Bauch, H., Planktische Foraminiferen im Europäischen Nordmeer — ihre Bedeutung für die paläo-ozeanographische Interpretation während der letzten 600.000 Jahre, Ber. Sonderforschungsbereich 313, Univ. Kiel, 40, 1108, 1993.
  • Baumann, M., Coccoliths in sediments of the eastern Arctic Basin, Geological History of the Polar Oceans: Arctic Versus AntarcticU. Bleu, J. Thiede, 437445, Kluwer Academic, Norwell Mass., 1990a.
  • Baumarm, K.-H., Veränderlichkeit der Coccohthenphoridenflora des Europäischen Nordmeeres im Jungquartär, Ber. Sonderforschungsbereich 313, Univ. Kiel, 22, 1146, 1990b.
  • Baumann, K.-H., K. S. Lackschewitz, J. Mangerud, R. F. Spielhagen, T.C.W. Wolf-Welling, R. Henrich, Reflection of Scandinavian ice sheet fluctuations in Norwegian Sea sediments during the last 150,000 years, Quat. Res., 43, 185197, 1995.
  • Belanger, P. E., Paleo-oceanography of the Norwegian Sea during the past 130,000 years: Coccolithophorid and forarmnileral data, Boreas, 11, 2936, 1982.
  • Bischof, J., Dropstones in the Norwegian-Greenland Sea — Indications of late Quaternary circulation patterns?, Geological History of the Polar Oceans: Arctic Versus AntarcticU. Bleil, J. Thiede, 499518, Kluwer Academic, Norwell, Mass., 1990a.
  • Bischof, J. F., The decay of the Barents ice sheet as documented in Nordic Seas ice-rafted debris, Mar. Geol., 117, 3555, 1994.
  • Bischof, J., J. Koch, M. Kubisch, R. F. Spielhagen, J. Thiede, Nordic seas surface ice drift reconstructions: Evidence from ice rafted coal fragments during oxygen isotope stage 6 Gladmarine Environments: Processes and Sediments, 53J. A. Dowdeswell, J. D. Scourse, 235251, Geol Soc. Spec. Publ, 1990.
  • Bourke, R. H., J. F. Newton, R. G. Paquette, M. D. TunnicliiFe, Circulation and water masses of the East Greenland Shelf, J. Geophys. Res., 92C7, 67296740, 1987.
  • Broecker, W. S., D. M. Peteet, D. Rind, Does the ocean-atmosphere system have more than one stable mode of operation?, Nature, 315, 2126, 1985.
  • Carstens, J., G. Wefer, Recent distribution of planktonic foraminifera in the Nansen Basin, Arctic Ocean, Deep Sea Res. Part A, 39suppl. 2, S507S524, 1992.
  • Carstens, J., D. Hebbeln, G. Wefer, Distribution of planktic foraminifera at the ice margin in the Fram Strait, Mar. Micropaleontol, 1996.
  • Clark, D. L., A. Hanson, Central Arctic Ocean sediment texture: A key to ice transport mechanisms, in Glacial-Marine SedimentationB. F. Molnia, 301330, Plenum, New York, 1983.
  • , CLIMAP, The surface of the ice-age earth, Science, 191, 11311137, 1976.
  • , CLIMAP, The last interglacial ocean, Quat. Res., 21, 123224, 1984.
  • Dokken, T., M. Hald, Rapid climatic shifts during isotope stages 2–4 in the polar North Atlantic, Geology, 24, 599602, 1996.
  • Donnally, D. M., Calcareous nannofossils of the Norwegian-Greenland Sea: ODP Leg 104, Proc. Ocean Drill. Program Sci. Results, 104, 459486, 1989.
  • Dowdeswell, J. A., E. K. Dowdeswell, Debris m icebergs and rates of glacimarine sedimentation: Observations from Spitsbergen and a simple model, J. Geol., 97, 221231, 1989.
  • Duplessy, J. C., L. Labeyrie, P. L. Blanc, Norwegian Sea deep water variations over the last climatic cycle: Paleo-oceanographic implications, Long and Short Term Variability of Climate, Led Notes Earth Sci., 16H. Wanner, U. Siegenthaler, 83107, Springer-Verlag, New York, 1988.
  • Elverhøi, A., E. S. Andersen, T. Dokken, D. Hebbeln, R. Spielhagen, I. I. Svendsen, M. Sørflaten, A. Rørn, M. Hald, C. F. Forsberg, The growth and decay of the Late Weichselian ice sheet in western Svalbard and adjacent areas based on provenance studies of marine sediments, Quat. Res., 44, 303316, 1995.
  • Emiliani, C., Pleistocene temperatures, J. Geol., 63, 538573, 1955.
  • Gard, G., Calcareous nannofossil biostratigraphy of late Quaternary Arctic sediments, Boreas, 15, 217229, 1986.
  • Gard, G., Late Quaternary calcareous nannofossil biostratigraphy and sedimentation patterns: Fram Strait, Arctica, Paleoceanography, 2, 519529, 1987.
  • Gard, G., J. Backman, Synthesis of Arctic and sub-Arctic coccolith biochronology and history of North Atlantic drift water influx during the last 500,000 years, Geological History of the Polar Oceans: Arctic Versus AntarcticU. Bleil, J. Thiede, 417436, Kluwer Academic, Norwell, Mass., 1990a.
  • Gascard, J. C., C. Kergomard, P. F. Jeannin, M. Fily, Diagnostic study of the Fram Strait marginal ice zone during summer, J. Geophys. Res., 93C4, 36133641, 1988.
  • Gordon, A. L., Interocean exchange of thermochne water, J. Geophys. Res., 91C4, 50375046, 1986.
  • Haake, F.-W., U. Pflaumann, Late Pleistocene foraminiferal stratigraphy on the Vøring Plateau, Norwegian Sea, Boreas, 18, 343356, 1989.
  • Hancock, J. M., Cretaceous Introduction to the Petroleum Geology of the North SeaK. W. Glennie, 133150, Blackwell, Cambridge, Mass., 1984.
  • Hebbeln, D., Spätquartäre Stratigraphie und Paläozeanographie in der Fram-Straße., Ber. Fachber. Geowiss. Univ. Bremen, 22, 1174, 1991.
  • Hebbeln, D., Weichselian glacial history of the Svalbard area: Correlating the marine and terrestrial records, Boreas, 21, 295304, 1992.
    Direct Link:
  • Hebbeln, D., H. Berner, Surface sediment distribution in the Fram Strait, Deep Sea Res., Part A, 40, 17311745, 1993.
  • Hebbeln, D., T. Dokken, E. S. Andersen, M. Hald, A. Elverhøi, Moisture supply to northern ice-sheet growth during the last glacial maximum., Nature, 370, 357360, 1994.
  • Henrich, R., A calcite dissolution pulse in the Norwegian-Greenland Sea during the last deglaciation, Geol. Rundsch., 75, 805827, 1986.
  • Henrich, R., Cycles, rhythms, and events in Quaternary Arctic and Antarctic glacioinarine deposits, Geological History of the Polar Oceans: Arctic Versus AntarcticU. Bleil, I. Thiede, 213244, Kluwer Academic, Norwell, Mass., 1990a.
  • Henrich, R., K.-H. Baumann, Evolution of the Norwegian Current and the Scandinavian ice sheets during the past 2.6 m.y. : Evidence from ODP Leg 104 biogenic carbonate and terrigenous records, Palaeogeogr. Palaeoclimatol. Palaeoecol., 108, 7594, 1994.
  • Henrich, R., H. Kassens, E. Vogelsang, J. Thiede, Sedimentary faciès of glacial-interglacial cycles in the Norwegian Sea during the last 350 ka, Mar. Geol., 86, 283319, 1989.
  • Henrich, R., T. Wagner, P. Goldschmidt, K. Michels, Depositional regimes in the Norwegian-Greenland Sea: The last two glacial to interglacial transitions, Geol. Rundsch., 84, 2848, 1995.
  • Hirche, H.-I., M.E.M. Baumann, G. Kattner, R. Gradinger, Plankton distribution and the impact of copepod grazing on primary production in Fram Strait, Greenland Sea, J. Mar. Syst., 2, 477494, 1991.
  • Jansen, E., J. Sjøholm, Reconstruction of glaciation over the past 6 Myr from ice-bom deposits in the Norwegian Sea, Nature, 349, 600603, 1991.
  • Johannessen, O. M., Brief overview of the physical oceanography, The Nordic SeasB. G. Hurdle, 103127, Springer-Verlag, New York, 1986.
  • Johannessen, J. A., O. M. Johannessen, E. Svendsen, R. Shuchman, T. Manley, W. J. Campbell, E. G. Josberger, S. Sandven, J. C. Gascard, T. Olaussen, K. Davidson, J. Van Leer, Mesoscale eddies in the Fram Strait marginal ice zone during the 1983 and 1984 Marginal Ice Zone Experiments, J. Geophys. Res., 92C7, 67546772, 1987.
  • Johannessen, T., E. Jansen, A Flatøy, and A.C. Ravelo, The relationship between surface water masses, oceanographic fronts and paleoclimatic proxies in surface sediments of the Greenland, Iceland, Norwegian Seas, Carbon Cycling in the Glacial Ocean: Constraints on the Oceans's Role in Global ChangeR. Zahn, et al., 6185, Springer-Verlag, New York, 1994.
  • Jones, G. A., L. D. Keigwin, Evidence from Fram Strait (78°N) for early Deglaciation, Nature, 336, 5659, 1988.
  • Kellogg, T. B., Late Quaternary climatic changes: Evidence from deep-sea cores of Norwegian and Greenland Seas, Mew. Geol. Soc. Am., 145, 77110, 1976.
  • Kellogg, T. B., Paleoclimatology and paleo-oceanography of the Norwegian and Greenland Seas: Glacial-interglacial contrasts, Boreas, 9, 115137, 1980.
  • Kellogg, T. B., J. C. Duplessy, N. J. Shackleton, Planktonic foraminiferal and oxygen isotopic stratigraphy and paleoclimatology of Norwegian Sea deep-sea cores, Boreas, 7, 6173, 1978.
  • Kelly, R. A., Jurassic through Cretaceous stratigraphy of the Barents shelf, Geological Evolution of the Barents Shelf RegionW. B. Harland, E. K. Dowdeswell, 109130, Graham and Trotman, Norwell, Mass., 1988.
  • Köhler, S.E.I., R. F. Spielhagen, The enigma of oxygen isotope stage 5 in the central Fram Strait, Geological History of the Polar Oceans: Arctic Versus AntarcticU. Bleil, J. Thiede, 489498, Kluwer Academic, Norwell, Mass., 1990a.
  • Lackschewitz, K., Sedimentationsprozesse am aktiven mittelozeanischeu Kolbeinsey Rücken (nördlich von Island), Geomar Rep., 9, 1123, 1991.
  • Larssen, B. B., A. Elvemøi, P. Aagaard, Study of particulate material in sea ice in the Fram Strait — A contribution to paleoclimatic research?, Polar Res., 5, 313315, 1987.
  • Mangerud, J., T. Dokken, D. Hebbeln, B. Heggen, O. Ingolfsson, J. Landvik, V. Mejdahl, J. I. Svendsen, andT. Vorren, Fluctuations of the Svalbard-Barents Sea ice sheet the last 150,000 years, in Late Cenozoic History of the Polar North Atlantic Margins (PONAM), edited byA. Elverhøi, et al., Springer-Verlag, New York, in press 1996.
  • Mangerud, J., S. Gulliksen, Apparent radiocarbon ages of Recent marine shell from Norway, Spitsbergen and Arctic Canada, Quat. Res., 5, 263273, 1975.
  • Mangerud, J., J. I. Svendsen, The last interglacial-glacial period on Spitsbergen, Svalbard, Quat. Sci. Rev., 11, 633664, 1992.
  • Marquard, R. S., D. L. Clark, Pleistocene paleoceanographic correlations: Northern Greenland Sea to central Arctic Ocean, Mar. Micropaleontol, 12, 325341, 1987.
  • Morris, T. H., Stable isotope stratigraphy of the Arctic Ocean: Fram Strait to Central Arctic, Palaeogeogr. Palaeoclimatol. Palaeoecol., 64, 201219, 1988.
  • Nowaczyk, N. R., Hochauflösende Magnetostratigraphie spätquartärer Sedimente arktischer Meeresgebiete, Ber. Polarforsch., 78, 1187, 1991.
  • Nowaczyk, N. R., M. Baumann, Combined high-resolution magnetostratigraphy and nannofossil biostratigraphy for Late Quaternary Arctic Ocean sediments, Deep Sea Res., 39suppl. 2, S567S601, 1992.
  • Nowaczyk, N. R., T. W. Frederichs, A. Eisenhauer, G. Gard, Magnetostratigraphic data from late Quaternary sediments from the Yermak Plateau, Arctic Ocean: Evidence for four geomagnetic polarity events within the last 170 Ka of the Brunnes Chron, Geophys. J. Int., 117, 453471, 1994.
  • Paquette, R. G., R. H. Bourke, J. F. Newton, W. F. Perdue, The East Greenland Polar Front in autumn, J. Geophys. Res., 90C3, 48664882, 1985.
  • Pfirman, S., I. Wollenburg, J. Thiede, M. A. Lange, Lithogenic sediment on Artie pack ice: Potential aeolian flux and contributions to deep sea sediments, Paleoclimatology and Paleometeorology: Modern and Past Pattern of Global Atmospheric TransportM. Samthein, M. Leinen, 463493, Kluwer Academic, Norwell, Mass., 1989.
  • Prell, W. L., J. Imbrie, D. G. Martinson, J. J. Morley, N. G. Pisias, N. J. Shackleton, H. F. Streeter, Graphic correlation of oxygen isotope stratigraphy application to the Late Quaternary, Paleoceanography, 1, 137162, 1986.
  • Quadfasel, D., J.-C. Gascard, K.-P. Koltermann, Large-scale oceanography in Fram Strait during the 1984 Marginal Ice Zone Experiment, J. Geophys. Res., 92C7, 67196728, 1987.
  • Ruddiman, W. F., A. Mclntyre, Warmth of the subpolar North Atlantic Ocean during northern hemisphere ice-sheet growth, Science, 204, 173175, 1979.
  • Samthein, M., E. Jansen, M. Arnold, J. C. Duplessy, H. Erlenkeuser, A. Flatøy, T. Veum, E. Vogelsang, M. S. Weinelt, 518O time-slice reconstruction of meltwater anomalies at Termination I in the North Atlantic between 50 and 80°N, The Last Deglaciation: Absolute and Radiocarbon ChronologiesE. Bard, W. S. Broecker, 183200, Springer-Verlag, New York, 1992.
  • Smith, D. C., J. H. Morison, J. A. Johannessen, N. Untersteiner, Topographic generation of an eddy at the edge of the East Greenland Current, J. Geophys. Res., 89(C5), 82058208, 1984.
  • Spielhagen, R. F., Die Eisdrift in der Framstrasse während der letzten 200,000 Jahre, Geomar Rep., 4, 1137, 1991.
  • Spielhagen, R. F., H. Erlenkeuser, Stable oxygen and carbon isotopes in planktic foraminifera from Arctic Ocean surface sediments: Reflection of the low salinity surface water layer, Mar. Geol., 119, 227250, 1994.
  • Spielhagen, R. F., J. Thiede, Late Quaternary changes in the Arctic Ocean ice cover, Ber. Polarforsch., 144, 101105, 1994.
  • Swift, J. H., K. Aagaard, Seasonal transitions and water mass formation in the Iceland and Greenland seas, Deep Sea Res., 28, 11071129, 1981.
  • Thiede, J., E. Suess, P. J. Müller, Late Quaternary fluxes of major sediment components to the sea floor at the Northwest African continental slope, Geology of the Northwest African Continental MarginU. Von Rad, et al., 605631, Springer-Verlag, New York, 1982.
  • Thiede, J., S. Pfirman, H.-W. Schenke, W. Reil, Bathymetry of Molloy Deep: Fram Strait between Svalbard and Greenland, Mar. Geophys. Res., 12, 197214, 1990.
  • Van Andel, T. H., T. H. Heath, T. C. Moore, Cenozoic history and paleoceanography of the central equatorial Pacific Ocean, Mem. Geol. Soc. Am., 143, 134, 1975.
  • Veum, T., E. Jansen, M. Arnold, I. Beyer, J. C. Duplessy, Water mass exchange between the North Atlantic and the Norwegian Sea during the past 28,000 years, Nature, 356, 783785, 1992.
  • Vinje, T. E., Sea ice conditions in the European sector of the marginal seas of the Arctic, 1966-75, Norsk Polarinstitutt Årbok for 1975, 163174, 1977.
  • Vinje, T. E., Sea ice distribution 1971–80., Norsk Polarinsitutt Skrifier, 179D, 1220, 1985.
  • Wagner, T., R. Henrich, Organo and lithofacies of TOC-lean glacial/interglacial deposits in the Norwegian-Greenland Sea: Sedimentary and diagenetic responses to paleoceanographic and paleoclimatic changes, Mar. Geol., 120, 335364, 1994.
  • Wefer, G., W. H. Berger, Isotope paleontology: Growth and composition of extant calcareous species, Mar. Geol., 100, 207248, 1991.
  • Wefer, G., Fahrtteunehmer, Marin-geologische Untersuchungen: Probennahmeprofile im Bereich der Framstraße (78°N-80°N) Die Expedition ARKTIS III mit FS Polarstern 1985, 28R. Gersonde, 6570, Ber. Polarforsch., 1986.
  • Wollenburg, I., Sedimenttransport durch das arktische Meereis: Die rezente lithogene und biogene Materialfracht, Ber. Polarforsch., 127, 1159, 1993.