Electric fields and currents induced in organs of the human body when exposed to ELF and VLF electromagnetic fields
Article first published online: 7 DEC 2012
Copyright 1996 by the American Geophysical Union.
Volume 31, Issue 5, pages 1153–1167, September-October 1996
How to Cite
1996), Electric fields and currents induced in organs of the human body when exposed to ELF and VLF electromagnetic fields, Radio Sci., 31(5), 1153–1167, doi:10.1029/96RS01313., and (
- Issue published online: 7 DEC 2012
- Article first published online: 7 DEC 2012
- Manuscript Accepted: 22 APR 1996
- Manuscript Received: 11 OCT 1995
Formulas for the transverse components of the electric and magnetic fields of the traveling-wave currents of three different types of three-wire, three-phase high-voltage power lines and of a typical VLF transmitter are given. From them, exposure situations for the human body are chosen which permit the analytical determination of the total current induced in that body. With this, the fraction of the total axial current, the axial current density, and the axial electric field in each organ of the body are obtained at any desired cross section. The dimensions and conductivity of these organs must be known. The electric field so obtained is the average macroscopic field in which the cells in each organ are immersed when the whole body is exposed to a known incident field. It corresponds in vivo to the electric field used in vitro to expose cells in tissues.