Interactions between biology and physics, air and water, and the North and Baltic Seas were the focus of a recent international symposium on “New Challenges for North Sea Research.” The North Sea is affected by the North Atlantic, the Baltic, and rivers. As large-scale ocean flows change and as riverine nutrients and heavy metals are reduced, the circulation, biology, and chemistry of the North Sea evolves.
Approximately 150 attendees gathered in Hamburg, Germany, in October 1996, for the symposium, which commemorated the historic Fladenground Experiment (FLEX '76). Participants called for more research on timeand space-scales and discipline interaction—for example, a study of coastal response to global warming. Most attendees felt that a series of focused studies rather than one major experiment would be the most productive successor to FLEX '76.