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About 20 years ago, when I was a newly graduated student of geology, neotectonics in the Mediterranean area was just emerging as a popular argument and a special project was begun in Italy. At that time, nobody on the old continent dared to conceive that the clear evidence of late Quaternary faulting could be directly linked to earthquakes. In fact, earthquakes were considered to be deep, hidden processes that essentially occurred in the crystalline basement beneath the sedimentary cover, such as in the fold and thrust belt of the Apennines, therefore accessible only to geophysicists. Only secondary earthquake effects were thought to leave evidence above the basement.