Asia is the youngest continent on our planet and has been assembled largely over the past 400 m.y. In the past decade, following rapid developments on the economic front and political transformations in Asia, Earth science research has continuously become more important for both natural resources evaluation and hazards reduction. Consequently, more and more attempts have been focused on Asia in order to understand this complex region. The more the geoscience community works in this region, however, the more we realize our insufficient knowledge of the largest continent on Earth. This problem is not only caused by the region's inaccessibility, but also by cultural and political barriers.