Papers on Geodesy and Gravity Tectonophysics
A comparison of methods for the modeling of thermochemical convection
Article first published online: 20 SEP 2012
Copyright 1997 by the American Geophysical Union.
Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth (1978–2012)
Volume 102, Issue B10, pages 22477–22495, 10 October 1997
How to Cite
1997), A comparison of methods for the modeling of thermochemical convection, J. Geophys. Res., 102(B10), 22477–22495, doi:10.1029/97JB01353., , , , , and (
- Issue published online: 20 SEP 2012
- Article first published online: 20 SEP 2012
- Manuscript Accepted: 1 MAY 1997
- Manuscript Received: 29 OCT 1996
We have compared several methods of studying thermochemical convection in a Boussinesq fluid at infinite Prandtl number. For the representation of chemical heterogeneity tracer, marker chain, and field methods are employed. In the case of an isothermal Rayleigh-Taylor instability, good agreement is found for the initial rise of the unstable lower layer; however, the timing and location of the later smaller-scale instabilities may differ between methods. For a simulation of entrainment by thermal convection of a dense layer at the bottom of the mantle we found good agreement for a few overturn times. After this, differences between the results can be large. We propose intrinsic differences between the methods and possibly chaotic mixing effects may be the cause of the lack of detailed agreement. The comparison shows that high resolution is necessary for a reasonable thermochemical study. This will pose severe restrictions on the applicability of these methods to three-dimensional situations.