SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Boebel, O., K. Schultz Tokos, W. Zenk, Calculation of salinity from neutrally buoyant RAFOS floats, J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol., 124, 923934, 1995.
  • Broecker, W. S., D. Peteet, D. Rind, Does the ocean-atmosphere have more than one stable mode of operation?, Nature, 315, 2125, 1985.
  • Buscaglia, J. L., On the circulation of the Intermediate Water in the southwestern Atlantic Ocean, J. Mar. Res., 29, 245255, 1971.
  • Davis, R. E., P. D. Killworth, J. R. Blundell, Comparision of Autonomous Lagrangian Circulation Explorer and fine resolution Antarctic model results in the South Atlantic, J. Geophys. Res., 101C1, 855884, 1996.
  • Deacon, G. E. R., The hydrology of the Southern Ocean, Discovery Rep., 15, 1124, 1937.
  • Defant, A., Quantitative Untersuchungen zur Statik und Dynamik des Atlantischen Ozeans, Wiss. Ergebn. Dtsch. Atlant. Exped. “Meteor”, 6, 191260, Walter de Gruyter, Berlin, Germany, 1941.
  • England, M. H., V. Garcon, South Atlantic Ocean ventilation: A numerical model study with geochemical tracers, Ann. Geophys., 11suppl. II, C163, 1993.
  • England, M. H., V. C. Garcon, South Atlantic circulation in a world ocean model, Ann. Geophys., 12, 812825, 1994.
  • England, M. H., J. S. Godfrey, A. C. Hirst, M. Tomczak, The mechanism for Antarctic Intermediate Water renewal in a world ocean model, J. Phys. Oceanogr., 23, 15531560, 1993.
  • Evans, D. L., S. R. Signorini, Vertical structure of the Brazil Current, Nature, 315, 4850, 1985.
  • Fu, L.-L., The general circulation and meridional heat transport of the subtropical South Atlantic determined by inverse methods, J. Phys. Oceanogr., 11, 11711193, 1981.
  • Garfield, N., The Brazil Current at subtropical latitudes, Ph.D. thesis,Univ. of R. I.,Kingston,1990.
  • Garzoli, S. L., A. L. Gordon, Origins and variability of the Benguela Current, J. Geophys. Res., 101C1, 897906, 1996.
  • Gordon, A. L., South Atlantic thermocline ventilation, Deep Sea Res., Part A, 2811, 12391264, 1981.
  • Gordon, A. L., Interocean exchange of thermocline water, J. Geophys. Res., 91C4, 50375046, 1986.
  • Gordon, A. L., R. F. Weiss, W. M. Smethie Jr., M. J. Warner, Thermocline and intermediate water communication between the South Atlantic and Indian Oceans, J. Geophys. Res., 97C5, 72237240, 1992.
  • König, H., W. Zenk, Principles of RAFOS technology at the Institut für Meereskunde Kiel, Bet., 222, 99, Inst. für Meereskunde, Kiel, Germany, 1992.
  • Maamaatuaiahutapu, K., V. C. Garçon, C. Provost, M. Boulahdid, A. P. Osiroff, Brazil-Malvinas Confluence: Water mass composition, J. Geophys. Res., 97C6, 94939505, 1992.
  • Marchesiello, P., Simulation de la circulation océanique dans l'Atlantique Sud avec un modèle numérique à coordonee sigma, Ph.D. thesis,Univ. Joseph Fourier,Grenoble, France,1995.
  • McCartney, M. S., Subantarctic Mode Water, A Voyage of Discovery, George Deacon Anniversary VolumeM. Angel, 103119, Pergamon, Tarrytown, N. Y., 1977.
  • Müller, T. J., Analyse niederfrequenter Strömungsschwankungen im Nordostatlantik, Ber., 170, 134, Inst. für Meereskunde, Kiel, Germany, 1987.
  • Müller, T. J., N. Zangenberg, Y. Ikeda, P. Leao, W. H. Pinaya, Direct measurement of western boundary currents off the Brazilian coastSymposium: The South Atlantic: Present and Past Circulation, Fachbereich GeowissUniv. BremenBremen, GermanyAug. 15–19, 1994, 1994.
  • Olbers, D., V. Gouretski, G. Seiss, J. Schröter, Hydrographic Atlas of the Southern Ocean, 82, Alfred Wegener Inst., Bremerhaven, Germany, 1992.
  • Ollitrault, M., The Topogolf Experiment: Lagrangian data, technical reportInst. Fr. de Rech. pour l'Exploit. de la Mer, Cent. de Brest, Brest, France, 1994.
  • Ollitrault, M., Y. Auffret, N. Cortès, C. Hémon, P. Jégou, S. Le Reste, G. Loaëc, J.-P. Rannou, The SAMBA experiment: SAMBA I Lagrangian and CTD data, February 1994-August 1995, technical reportInst. Fr. de Rech. pour l'Exploit. de la Mer, Plouzané, France, 1995.
  • Peterson, R. G., The boundary currents in the western Argentine Basin, Deep Sea Res., Part A, 393/4, 623644, 1992.
  • Peterson, R. G., T. Whitworth III, The subantarctic and polar fronts in relation to deep water masses through the southwestern Atlantic, J. Geophys. Res., 94C8, 10,81710,838, 1989.
  • Piola, A. R., A. L. Gordon, Intermediate waters in the southwest South Atlantic, Deep Sea Res., Part A, 361, 116, 1989.
  • Reid, J. L., On the total geostrophic circulation of the South Atlantic Ocean: Flow patterns, tracers, and transports, Prog. Oceanogr., 233, 149244, 1989.
  • Reid, J. L., W. D. Nowlin, W. C. Patzert, On the characteristics and circulation of the southwestern Atlantic Ocean, J. Phys. Oceanogr., 7, 6291, 1977.
  • Richardson, P. L., SOFAR floats give a new view of ocean eddies, Oceanus, 34, 2331, 1991.
  • Rintoul, S. R., South Atlantic interbasin exchange, J. Geophys. Res., 96C2, 26752692, 1991.
  • Rossby, T., Five drifters in a Mediterranean salt lens, Deep Sea Res., Part A, 359, 16531663, 1988.
  • Schmid, C., H. Schäfer, G. Podestá, W. Zenk, The Vitória Eddy and its relation to the Brazil Current, J. Phys. Oceanogr., 25, 25322546, 1995.
  • Schmitz Jr., W. J., On the interbasin-scale thermohaline circulation, Rev. Geophys., 332, 151173, 1995.
  • Siedler, G., W. Zenk, WOCE Südatlantik 1991, Reise nr. 15, 30. Dezember 1990–23. März 1991, Meteor Bet., 92–1, 127, Univ. Hamburg, Hamburg, Germany, 1992.
  • Siedler, G., W. Balzer, T. J. Müller, R. Onken, M. Rhein, W. Zenk, WOCE South Atlantic 1992, Cruise no. 22, 22 September 1992–31 January 1993, Meteor Ber., 93–5, 131, Univ. Hamburg, Hamburg, Germany, 1993.
  • Stramma, L., R. Peterson, The South Atlantic Current, J. Phys. Oceanogr., 20, 846859, 1990.
  • Suga, T., L. D. Talley, Antarctic Intermediate Water circulation in the tropical and subtropical South Atlantic, J. Geophys. Res., 100C7, 13,44113,453, 1995.
  • Sverdrup, H. U., M. W. Johnson, R. H. Fleming, The Oceans: Their Physics, Chemistry and General Biology, 1087, Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, N. J., 1942.
  • Taft, B. A., Distribution of salinity and dissolved oxygen on surfaces of uniform potential specific volume in the South Atlantic, South Pacific, and Indian Oceans, J. Mar. Res., 21, 129146, 1963.
  • Tarbell, S., R. Meyer, N. Hogg, W. Zenk, A moored array along the southern boundary of the Brazil Basin for the Deep Basin Experiment—Report on a joint experiment 1991–1992, Bet., 243, Inst. fur Meereskunde, Kiel, Germany, 1994.
  • Tsuchiya, M., L. D. Talley, M. S. McCartney, Water-mass distribution in the western South Atlantic: A section from South Georgia Island (54S) northward across the equator, J. Mar. Res., 52, 5581, 1994.
  • vonSchubert, O., Die Stabilitätsverhältnisse im Atlantischen Ozean, Wiss. Ergebn. Dtsch. Atlant. Exped. “Meteor,”, 6, 54, Walter de Gruyter, Berlin, Germany, 1935.
  • Warner, M. J., R. F. Weiss, Chlorofluoromethanes in the South Atlantic Antarctic Intermediate Water, Deep Sea Res., Part A, 39, 20532075, 1992.
  • , World Climate Research Program (WCRP), WOCE implementation plan, World Climate Research Program 11Tech. Rep. WMO/ITD 242, 74, Geneva, Switzerland, 1988.
  • , World Climate Research Program (WCRP), WOCE data handbook: WHP one-time survey standards for water samples, reportWorld Ocean Circ. Exp. Int. Proj. Off., Wormley, England, 1994.
  • Wüst, G., Schichtung und Zirkulation des Atlantischen Ozeans, Die Stratophäre, Wiss. Ergebn. Dtsch. Atlant. Exped. “Meteor,”, , 6, 180, Walter de Gruyter, Berlin, Germany, 1935.
  • Zemba, J. C., The structure and transport of the Brazil Current between 27° and 36° South, Ph.D. thesis,Mass. Inst. of Technol./ Woods Hole Oceanogr. Inst.,Cambridge,1991.
  • Zenk, W., T. J. Müller, WOCE Studies in the South Atlantic: Cruise no. 28. 29 March 1994–14 June 1994, Meteor Ber., 95–1, 193, Univ. Hamburg, Hamburg, Germany, 1995.