SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Alley, R. B., et al., Abrupt increase in Greenland snow accumulation at the end of the Younger Dryas event, Nature, 362, 527529, 1993.
  • Alley, R. B., R. C. Finkel, K. Nishizumi, S. Anandakrishnan, C. A. Shuman, G. Mershon, G. A. Zielinski, P. A. Mayewski, Changes in continental and sea-salt atmospheric loadings in central Greenland during the most recent deglaciation: Model-based estimates, J. of Glaciol., 41, 503514, 1995.
  • Alley, R. B., et al.,Visual-stratigraphic dating of the Greenland Ice Sheet Project 2 ice core: Basis, reproducibility and application, J Geophys. Res., 102, C12, 1997.
  • An, Z. S., G. Kukla, S. Porter, J. L. Xiao, Late Quaternary dust flow on the Chinese Loess Plateau, Catena, 18, 125132, 1991.
  • Asahara, Y., T. Tanaka, H. Kamioka, A. Nishimura, Asian continental nature of 87Sr/86Sr ratios in north central Pacific sediments, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 133, 105116, 1995.
  • Basile, I., F. E. Grousset, M. Revel, P. E. Biscaye, J. R. Petit, N. I. Barkov, Patagonian origin of glacial dust deposited in East Antarctica (Vostok, Dome C) during stages 2, 4 and 6, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 146, 573589, 1997.
  • Beavers, A. H., Source and deposition of clay minerals in Peorian loess, Science, 126, 1285, 1957.
  • Behl, R. J., J. P. Kennett, Brief interstadial events in the Santa Barbara basin, NE Pacific, during the past 60 kyr, Nature, 379, 243246, 1996.
  • Bender, M., T. Sowers, M.-L. Dickson, J. Orchardo, P. Grootes, P. A. Mayewski, D. A. Meese, Climate correlations between Greenland and Antarctica during the past 100,000 years, Nature, 372, 663666, 1994.
  • Biscaye, P. E., Distinction between kaolinite and chlorite in recent sediments by x-ray diffraction, Am. Mineral., 49, 12811289, 1964.
  • Biscaye, P. E., Mineralogy and sedimentation of recent deep-sea clay in the Atlantic Ocean and adjacent seas and oceans, Geol. Soc. Am. Bull., 76, 803832, 1965.
  • Biscaye, P. E., Strontium isotope composition and sediment transport in the Rio de la Plata estuary, Environmental Framework of Coastal Plain EstuariesB. W. Helson, Mem. Geol. Soc. Am., 133, 349357, 1972.
  • Biscaye, P. E., E. J. Dasch, The rubidium, strontium, strongium-isotope system in deep-sea sediments; Argentine Basin, J. Geophys. Res., 76, 50875096, 1971.
  • Biscaye, P. E., R. Chesselet, J. M. Prospero, Rb-Sr, 87Sr/ 86Sr isotope system as an index of provenance of continental dusts in the open Atlantic Ocean, J. Réch. Atmos., 8, 819829, 1974.
  • Blank, M., M. Leinen, J. M. Prospero, Major Asian aeolian inputs indicated by the mineralogy of aerosols and sediments in the western North Pacific, Nature, 314, 8486, 1985.
  • Bond, G. C., R. Lotti, Iceberg discharges into the North Atlantic on millenial time scales during the last glaciation, Science, 267, 10051010, 1995.
  • Bond, G. C., et al., Evidence for massive discharges of icebergs into the North Atlantic ocean during the last glacial period, Nature, 360, 245249, 1992.
  • Bond, G. C., W. Broecker, S. Johnsen, J. McManus, L. Labeyrie, J. Jouzel, G. Bonani, Correlations between climate records from North Atlantic sediments and Greenland ice, Nature, 365, 143147, 1993.
  • Borchardt, G. A., Montmorillonite and other smectite minerals, Minerals in Soil Environments, SSSA Ser., 1J. B. Dixon, S. B. Weed, 293330, Soil Sci. Soc. of Am., Madison, Wis., 1989.
  • Broecker, W. S., G. Bond, M. Klas, E. Clark, J. Macnus, Origin of the North Atlantic's Heinrich events, Clim. Dyn., 6, 91109, 1991.
  • Chester, R., L. R. Johnson, Atmospheric dusts collected off the West African coast, Nature, 229, 105107, 1971.
  • , COHMAP Members, Climatic changes of the last 18,000 years: Observations and model simulations, Science, 241, 10431052, 1988.
  • Cragin, J. H., M. M. Herron, C. C. Langway Jr., G. Klouda, Interhemispheric comparison of changes in the composition of atmospheric precipitation during the late Cenozoic era, Polar Oceans, Proceedings Dunbar, 617631, 1977.
  • Crowley, T. J., Ice age terrestrial carbon changes revisited, Global Biogeochem. Cycles, 9, 377389, 1995.
  • Dasch, E. J., Strontium isotopes in weathering profiles, deep-sea sediments and sedimentary rocks, Geochim. Cosmochin. Acta, 33, 15211552, 1969.
  • Ding, Z. L., T. S. Liu, X. M. Liu, M. Y. Chen, Z. S. An, Thirty seven climatic cycles in the last 2.5 Ma., Chin. Sci. Bull., 34, 14941496, 1990.
  • Eden, D. N., P. C. Froggatt, H. Zheng, H. Machida, Volcanic glass found in late Quaternary chinese loess: A pointer for future studies?, Quat. Int., 34–36, 107111, 1996.
  • Faure, G., Principles of Isotope Geology2nd ed., 589, John Wiley, New York, 1986.
  • Fisher, D. A., Comparison of 105 years of oxygen isotope and insoluble impurity profiles from the Devon Island and Camp Century ice cores, Quat. Res., 11, 299305, 1979.
  • Franzén, L. G., M. Hjelmroos, P. Kållberg, E. Brorström-Lundén, S. Juntto, A.-L. Savolainen, The ‘Yellow Snow’ episode of northern Fennoscandia, March 1991 — A case study of long-distance transport of soil, pollen and stable organic compounds, Atmos. Environ., 28, 35873604, 1994.
  • Gayley, R. I., M. Ram, Atmospheric dust in polar ice and the background aerosol, J Geophys. Res., 90, 1292112925, 1985.
  • Gibbs, R. J., The geochemistry of the Amazon River system, I, The factors that control the salinity and the composition and concentration of the suspended solids, Geol. Soc. Am. Bull., 78, 12031232, 1967.
  • Gillette, D. A., K. J. Hanson, Spatial and temporal variability of dust production caused by wind erosion in the United States, J. Geophys. Res, 94, 21972206, 1989.
  • Gillette, D. A., I. H. Blifford Jr., D. W. Fryrear, The influence of wind velocity on the size distribution of aerosols generated by the wind erosion of soils, J. Geophys. Res., 79, 40684075, 1974.
  • Glaccum, R. A., J. Prospero, Saharan areosols over the tropical North Atlantic, Mar. Geol., 37, 295321, 1980.
  • Goldich, S. S., P. W. Gast, Effects of weathering on the Rb-Sr and K-Ar ages of biotite from the Morton gneiss, Minnesota, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 1, 372375, 1966.
  • Goldstein, S., R. K. O'Nions, P. J. Hamilton, A Sm-Nd isotopic study of atmospheric dusts and particulates from major river systems, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 70, 221236, 1984.
  • Griffin, J. J., H. Windom, E. Goldberg, The distribution of clay minerals in the world ocean, Deep Sea Res., 15, 433459, 1968.
  • Grimm, E. C., G. I. Jacobson, W. A. Watts, B. C. S. Hansen, K. A. Maasch, A 50,000-year record of climate oscillations from Florida and its temporal correlation with the Heinrich events, Science, 261, 198200, 1993.
  • Grousset, F. E., P. E. Biscaye, A. Zindler, J. Prospero, R. Chester, Neodymium isotopes as tracers in marine sediments and aerosols: North Atlantic, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 87, 367378, 1988.
  • Grousset, F. E., P. E. Biscaye, M. Revel, J.-R. Petit, K. Pye, S. Joussaume, J. Jouzel, Antarctic ice core dusts at 18ky B.P.: Isotopic constraints on origins and atmospheric circulation, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 111, 175182, 1992.
  • Grousset, F. E., L. Labeyrie, J. A. Sinko, M. Cremer, G. Bond, J. Duprat, E. Cortijo, S. Huon, Patterns of ice-rafted detritus in the glacial North Atlantic (40–55°N, Paleoceanography, 8, 175192, 1993.
  • Guiot, J., J. L. deBeaulieu, R. Cheddadi, F. David, P. Ponel, M. Reille, The climate in western Europe during the last glacial, Palaeogeogr., Palaeoclim., Palaeoecol., 103, 7393, 1993.
  • Guo, Z. T., T. S. Liu, J. L. Guiot, N. Wu, H. Lu, J. Han, J. Liu, Z. Gu, High frequency pulses of east Asian monsoon climate in the last two glaciations: Link with the North Atlantic, Clim. Dyn., 12, 701709, 1996.
  • Hamelin, B., F. E. Grousset, P. E. Biscaye, A. Zindler, J. M. Prospero, Lead isotopes in trade wind aerosols at Barbados: The influence of European emissions over the North Atlantic, J. Geophys. Res., 94, 1624316250, 1989.
  • Harvey, L. D. D., Climatic impact of ice-age aerosols, Nature, 334, 333335, 1988.
  • Heinrich, H., Origin and consequences of cyclid ice rafting in the Northeast Atlantic Ocean during the past 130,000 years, Quat. Res., 29, 142152, 1988.
  • Hobbs, P. V., D. A. Bowdie, L. F. Radke, Particles in the lower troposphere over the High Plains of the United States, I, Size distributions, elemental compositions and morphologies, J. Clim. Appl. Meteorol., 24, 13441356, 1985.
  • Hovan, S. A., D. K. Rea, N. G. Pisias, Late Pleistocene continental climate and oceanic variability recorded in northwest Pacific sediments, Paleoceanography, 6, 349370, 1991.
  • Johnson, L. R., Particle size fractionation of eolian dusts during transport and sampling, Mar. Geol., 21, M17M21, 1976.
  • Jones, C. E., A. N. Halliday, D. K. Rea, R. M. Owen, Neodymium isotopic variations in North Pacific modern silicate sediment and the insignificande of detrital REE contributions to seawater, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 127, 5566, 1994.
  • Joussaume, S., Paleoclimatic tracers: An investigation using an atmospheric general circulation model under ice age conditions, J. Geophys. Res., 98, 27672805, 1993.
  • Junge, C. E., Air Chemistry and Radioactivity, Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1963.
  • Kolla, V. R., P. E. Biscaye, A. F. Hanley, Distribution of quartz in late Quaternary Atlantic sediments in relation to climate, Quaternary Research, 11, 261277, 1979.
  • Kukla, G., V. Cflek, Plio-Pleistocene megacycles: record of climate and tectonics, Palaeogeogr., Palaeoclim., Palaeoecol., 120, 171194, 1996.
  • Kutzbach, J. E., Model simulations of the climatic patterns during the deglaciation of North America, p.425446 inNorth America and Adjacent Oceans During the Last Deglaciation, Geol. of North Am., K-3, edited byW. F. Ruddiman, andH. E. Wright, pp.425–446,Geol. Soc. of Am.,Boulder Colo.,1987.
  • Kutzbach, J. E., H. E. Wright Jr., Simulation of the climate of 18,000 years BP: Results for the North American/North Atlantic/European sector and comparison with the geologic record of North America, Quat. Sci. Rev., 4, 147187, 1985.
  • Leinen, M., J. M. Prospero, E. Arnold, M. Blank, Mineralogy of aeolian dust reaching the North Pacific Ocean, 1, Sampling and analysis, J. Geophys. Res., 99, 2101721023, 1994.
  • Liu, C.-Q., A. Masuda, A. Okada, S. Yabuki, Z.-L. Fan, Isotope geochemistry of Quaternary deposits from the arid lands in northern China, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 127, 2538, 1994.
  • Liu, T. S., Loess and Environment, 251, China Ocean, Beijing, 1985.
  • Lowell, T. V., C. J. Heusser, B. G. Andersen, P. I. Moreno, A. Hauser, L. E. Heusser, C. Schluchter, D. R. Marchant, G. H. Denton, Interhemispheric correlation of late Pleistocene glacial events, Science, 269, 15411549, 1995.
  • Manabe, S., A. Broccoli, The influence of continental ice sheets on the climate of an ice age, J. Geophys. Res., 90, 2254722557, 1985.
  • Mayewski, P. A., An ice-core time machine—Greenland Ice Sheet Project Two results, 5th International Conference on Paleoceanography, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada, Oct. 10–14, 23, 1995.
  • Mayewski, P. A., L. D. Meeker, S. Whitlow, M. S. Twickler, M. C. Morrison, R. B. Alley, P. Bloomfield, K. Taylor, The atmosphere during the Younger Dryas, Science, 261, 195197, 1993.
  • Mayewski, P. A., et al., Changes in atmospheric circulation and ocean ice cover over the North Atlantic during the last 41,000 years, Science, 263, 17471751, 1994.
  • Mayewski, P. A., L. D. Meeker, M. S. Twickler, S. Whitlow, Q. Yang, andM. Prentice, Major features and forcing of high latitude northern hemisphere atmospheric circulation using a 110,000-year-long glaciochemical series, J. Geophys. Res., 102, C12, 1997.
  • Meese, D. A., A. J. Gow, R. B. Alley, G. A. Zielinski, P. M. Grootes, M. Ram, K. C. Taylor, P. A. Mayewski, andJ. F. Bolzan, The Greenland Ice Sheet Project 2 depth-age scale: Methods and results, J. Geophys. Res., 102, C12, 1997.
  • Merril, J. T., E. Arnold, M. Leinen, C. Weaver, Mineralogy of aeolian dust reaching the North Pacific Ocean, 2,. Relationship of mineral assemblages to atmospheric transport patterns, J. Geophys. Res., 99, 2102521032, 1994.
  • Mosher, B. W., P. Winkler, J.-L. Jaffrezo, Seasonal aerosol chemistry at Dye 3, Greenland, Atmos. Environ., Part A, 27A, 27612772, 1993.
  • Nakai, S., A. N. Halliday, D. K. Rea, Provenance of dust in the Pacific Ocean, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 119, 143157, 1993.
  • Overpeck, J., D. Rind, A. Lacis, R. Healy, Possible role of dust-induced regional warming in abrupt climate change during the last glacial period, Nature, 384, 447449, 1996.
  • Peltier, R. W., Ice age paleotopography, Science, 265, 195201, 1994.
  • Petit, J.-R., M. Briat, A. Royer, Ice age aerosol content from East Antarctic ice core samples and past wind strength, Nature, 293, 391394, 1981.
  • Phillips, F. M., M. Zreda, D. Elmore, P. Sharma, Evidence for a connection between dynamic behavior of the Laurentide ice sheet and mountain glaciation in western North America (abstract), Eos Trans. AGU, 7443, Fall Meet. Suppl, 360, 1993a.
  • Phillips, F. M., M. G. Zreda, T.-L. Ku, S. Luo, Q. Huang, D. Elmore, P. W. Kubik, P. Sharma, 230Th/234 U and 36Cl dating of evaporite deposits from the western Qaidam Basin, China: Implications for glacial period dust export from Central Asia, Geol. Soc. Am. Bull., 105, 16061616, 1993b.
  • Porter, S. C., Z. An, Correlation between climate events in the North Atlantic and China during the last glaciation, Nature, 375, 305308, 1995.
  • Prospero, J. M., R. A. Glaccum, R. T. Nees, Atmospheric transport of soil dust from Africa to South America, Nature, 289, 570572, 1981.
  • Ram, M., R. I. Gayley, Insoluble microparticle size distributions in Greenland Ice, J. Phys. Chem., 87, 41204121, 1983.
  • Rea, D. K., The paleoclimatic record provided by eolian deposition in the deep sea: The geologic history of wind, Rev. Geophys., 32, 159195, 1994.
  • Rea, D. K., S. A. Hovan, Grain size distribution and depositional processes of the mineral component of abyssal sediments: Lessons from the North Pacific, Paleoceanography, 10, 251258, 1995.
  • Rex, R. W., E. D. Goldberg, Quartz contents of pelagic sediments of the Pacific Ocean, Tellus, 1, 153159, 1958.
  • Sarnthein, M., Sand deserts during glacial maximum and climatic optimum, Nature, 272, 4346, 1978.
  • Schultz, L., Sahara dust transport over the North Atlantic Ocean — Model circulations and measurements, Saharan Dust: Mobilization, Transport, DepositionC. Morales, 267277, John Wiley, New York, 1979.
  • Schutz, L., M. Sebert, Mineral aerosols and source identification, J. Aerosol. Sci., 18, 110, 1987.
  • Sloan, L. C., K. Taylor, E. Small, Last glacial maximum climate modeled with GENESIS v. 1.02A, including computed sea surface temperatures (abstract), EOS Trans AGU, 7646, Fall Meet. Suppl, F284, 1995.
  • Sowers, T., M. Bender, Climate records covering the last deglaciation, Science, 269, 210214, 1995.
  • Steffensen, J. P., Microparticles in snow from the South Greenland ice sheet, Tellus, Ser. B, 37B, 286295, 1985.
  • Sun, S.-S., Lead isotopic study of young volcanic rocks from mid-ocean ridges, ocean islands and ice arcs, Philos. Trans. R. Soc. London, 297, 409445, 1980.
  • Tanaka, T., N. Ando, H. Kamioka, S. Togashi, Chemical compositions and 87Sr/86Sr, Mass Anal., 38, 133141, 1990.
  • Taylor, K. C., G. W. Lamorey, G. A. Doyle, R. B. Alley, P. M. Frootes, P. A. Mayewski, J. W. C. White, L. K. Barlow, The ‘flickering switch’ of late Pleistocene climate change, Nature, 361, 432436, 1993.
  • Taylor, S. R., S. M. McLennan, M. T. McCulloch, Geochemistry of loess, continental crustal composition and crustal model ages, Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta, 47, 18971905, 1983.
  • Tegen, I., A. A. Lacis, I. Fung, The influence on climate forcing of mineral aerosols from distrubed soils, Nature, 380, 419422, 1996.
  • Thompson, L. G., E. Mosley-Thompson, Microparticle concentration variations linked with climatic change: Evidence from polar ice, Science, 212, 812815, 1981.
  • Thompson, L. G., E. Mosley-Thompson, M. E. Davis, J. F. Bolzan, J. Dai, T. Yao, N. Gundestrup, X. Wu, L. Klein, Z. Xie, Holocene-Late Pleistocene climatic ice core records from Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau, Science, 246, 474477, 1989.
  • Thompson, L. G., E. Mosley-Thompson, M. E. Davis, P.-N. Lin, K. A. Henderson, J. Cole-Dai, J. F. Bolzan, K.-B. Liu, Late glacial stage and Holocene tropical ice core records from Huascaran, Peru, Science, 269, 4650, 1995.
  • Thouveny, N., et al., Climate variations in Europe over the past 140 kyr deduced from rock magnetism, Nature, 371, 503506, 1994.
  • Thunell, R. C., P. G. Mortyn, Glacial climate variability in the Northeast Pacific Ocean, Nature, 376, 504506, 1995.
  • Turekian, K. K., K. H. Wedepohl, Distribution of the elements in some major units of the Earth's crust, Geol. Soc. of Am. Bull., 72, 175192, 1961.
  • White, W. M., B. Dupré, P. Vidal, Isotope and trace element geochemistry of sediments from the Barbados Ridge-Demerara plain region, Atlantic Ocean, Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta., 67, 167185, 1986.
  • Yung, Y. L., T. Lee, C.-H. Want, Y.-T. Shieh, Dust: A diagnostic of the hydrologic cycle during the Last Glacial Maximum, Science, 271, 962963, 1996.
  • Zielinski, G. A., G. R. Mershon, Paleoenvironmental implications of the insoluble microparticle record in the GISP2 (Greenland) ice core during the rapidly changing climate of the Pleistocene-Holocene transition, Geol. Soc. Am. Bull., 109, 547559, 1997.
  • Zielinski, G. A., P. A. Mayewski, L. D. Meeker, S. Whitlow, M. S. Twickler, M. Morrison, D. A. Meese, A. J. Gow, R. B. Alley, Record of volcanism since 7000 B.C. from the GISP2 Greenland ice core and implications for the volcano-climate system, Science, 264, 948952, 1994.