Reception of ELF signals at antipodal distances


  • Antony C. Fraser-Smith,

  • Peter R. Bannister


Measurements of 82-Hz radio signals from a Russian ELF transmitter located on the Kola Peninsula are described. The measurements were made at several locations around the world, including Dunedin, New Zealand, and Arrival Heights, Antarctica, which are close to the antipodal point for the transmitter. This is the first time man-made ELF signals have been observed over such long distances, and their clear reception makes possible a comparison of the theoretically predicted and measured amplitudes near the antipode. The agreement is excellent.