SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Allam, R., G. Holpin, P. Jackson, G. L. Liberti, Second Algorithm Intercomparison Project of the Global Precipitation Climatology Project: AIP-2, preworkshop report, 133U.K. Meteorol. Off., Bracknell, England, 1993.
  • Basili, P., P. Ciotti, G. d'Auria, F. S. Marzano, N. Pierdicca, A microwave radiometry characterization of precipitating clouds, Microwave Radiometry and Remote Sensing ApplicationsD. Solimini, 229249, VSP, Utrecht, Netherlands, 1995.
  • Bogush, A. J., Radar and the Atmosphere, Artech House, Norwood, Mass., 1989.
  • Bohren, C. F., D. R. Huffman, Absorption and Scattering of Light by Small Particles, John Wiley, New York, 1983.
  • Desbois, M., G. Seze, G. Szejwach, Automatic classification of clouds on Meteosat imagery: Application to high level clouds, J. Appl. Meteorol., 21, 401412, 1982.
  • Evans, K. F., J. Turk, T. Wong, G. Stephens, A Bayesian approach to microwave precipitation profile retrieval, J. Appl. Meteorol., 34, 260279, 1995.
  • Farrar, M. R., E. A. Smith, Spatial resolution enhancement of terrestrial features using deconvolved SSM/I microwave brightness temperatures, IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., 30, 349355, 1992.
  • Ferraro, R. R., N. C. Grody, G. F. Marks, Effects of surface conditions on rain identification using the DMSP-SSM/I, Remote Sens. Rev., 11, 195209, 1994.
  • Garand, L., Automated recognition of oceanic cloud patterns, I, Methodology and application to cloud climatology, J. Clim., 1, 2039, 1988.
  • Kohonen, T., Self Organizing and Associative Memory2nd ed., Springer-Verlag, New York, 1987.
  • Kummerow, C., On the accuracy of the Eddington approximation for radiative transfer in the microwave frequencies, J. Geophys. Res., 98, 27572765, 1993.
  • Kummerow, C., L. Giglio, A passive microwave technique for estimating rainfall and vertical structure information from space, I, Algorithm description, J. Appl. Meteorol., 33, 318, 1994.
  • Kummerow, C., W. S. Olson, L. Giglio, A simplified scheme for obtaining precipitation and vertical hydrometeor profiles from passive microwave sensors, IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., 34, 12131232, 1996.
  • Lee, J., R. C. Weger, S. K. Sengupta, R. M. Welch, A neural network approach to cloud classification, IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., 28, 846855, 1990.
  • Levizzani, V., F. Porcù, F. S. Marzano, A. Mugnai, E. A. Smith, F. Prodi, Investigating a SSM/I microwave algorithm to calibrate Meteosat infrared instantaneous rain rate estimates, Meteorol. Appl., 3, 517, 1996.
  • Liebe, H. J., An updated model for millimeter propagation in moist air, Radio Sci., 20, 10691089, 1985.
  • Marroccu, M., A. Pompei, G. Dalu, G. L. Liberti, A. Negri, Precipitation estimation over Sardinia from satellite infrared data, Int. J. Remote Sens., 14, 115134, 1993.
  • Mugnai, A., W. J. Wiscombe, Scattering of radiation by moderately nonspherical particles, J. Atmos. Sci., 37, 12911307, 1980.
  • Mugnai, A., E. A. Smith, Radiative transfer through a precipitating cloud at multiple microwave frequencies, I, Model description, J. Appl. Meteorol., 27, 10551073, 1988.
  • Mugnai, A., E. A. Smith, G. J. Tripoli, Foundations for statistical-physical precipitation retrieval from passive microwave satellite measurements, I, Emission source and generalized weighting function properties of a time dependent cloud-radiation model, J. Appl. Meteorol., 32, 1739, 1993.
  • Pierdicca, N., F. S. Marzano, G. d'Auria, P. Basili, P. Ciotti, A. Mugnai, Precipitation retrieval from spaceborne microwave radiometers using maximum a posteriori probability estimation, IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., 34, 116, 1996.
  • Pruppacher, H. R., J. D. Klett, Microphysics of Clouds and Precipitation, D. Reidel, Norwell, Mass., 1978.
  • Ray, P. S., Broadband complex refractive indices of ice and water, Appl. Opt., 11, 18631843, 1972.
  • Richards, J. A., Remote Sensing Digital Image Analysis: An Introduction, Springer-Verlag, New York, 1986.
  • Sekhon, R. S., R. C. Srivastava, Snow size spectra and radar reflectivity, J. Atmos. Sci., 27, 299307, 1970.
  • Smith, E. A., A. Mugnai, H. J. Cooper, G. J. Tripoli, X. Xiang, Foundations for statistical-physical precipitation retrieval from passive microwave satellite measurements, I, Brightness temperature properties of a time dependent cloud-radiation model, J. Appl. Meteorol., 31, 506531, 1992.
  • Stogryn, A., Equations for calculating the dielectric constant of saline water, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Technol., 19, 733736, 1971.
  • Tripoli, G. J., A nonhydrostatic model designed to simulate scale interaction, Mon. Weather Rev., 117, 13421359, 1992.
  • , World Meteorological Organization, Guide to Meteorological Instruments and Observing Pratices, WMO, 8. TP. 34th ed., Geneva, 1971.
  • Wu, R., J. A. Weinman, Microwave radiances from precipitating clouds containing aspherical ice, combined phase, and liquid hydrometeors, J. Geophys. Res., 89, 71707178, 1984.