Surface Water and Climate
Price elasticity of residential demand for water: A meta-analysis
Article first published online: 9 JUL 2010
Copyright 1997 by the American Geophysical Union.
Water Resources Research
Volume 33, Issue 6, pages 1369–1374, June 1997
How to Cite
1997), Price elasticity of residential demand for water: A meta-analysis, Water Resour. Res., 33(6), 1369–1374, doi:10.1029/97WR00571., , and (
- Issue published online: 9 JUL 2010
- Article first published online: 9 JUL 2010
- Manuscript Accepted: 20 FEB 1997
- Manuscript Received: 24 JUN 1996
Meta-analysis is used to determine if there are factors that systematically affect price elasticity estimates in studies of residential water demand in the United States. An econometric model is estimated, using price elasticity estimates from previous studies as the dependent variable. Explanatory variables include functional form, cross-sectional versus time series, water price specification, rate structure, location, season, and estimation technique. Inclusion of income, rainfall, and evapotranspiration are all found to influence the estimate of the price elasticity. Population density, household size, and temperature do not significantly influence the estimate of the price elasticity. Pricing structure and season are also found to significantly influence the estimate of the price elasticity.