SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Aubele, J. C., L. S. Crumpler, W. E. Elson, Vesicle zonation and vertical structure of basalt flows, J. Volcanol. Geotherm. Res., 35, 349374, 1988.
  • Aydin, A., J. M. DeGraff, Evolution of polygonal fracture patterns in lava flows, Science, 239, 471476, 1988.
  • Bingham, J. W., M. J. Grolier, The Yakima basalt and Ellensburg formation of south-central Washington, U.S. Geol. Surv. Bull., 1224-G, 15, 1966.
  • Cashman, K. V., M. T. Mangan, Physical aspects of magmatic degassing II. Constraints on vesiculation processes from textural studies of eruption products, Volatiles in Magmas, Rev. Mineral., 30M. R. Carroll, J. R. Holloway, 447478, Mineral Soc. of Am., Washington D.C., 1994.
  • Cashman, K. V., J. P. Kauahikaua, Reevaluation of vesicle distribution in basaltic lava flows, Geology, 25, 419422, 1997.
  • Chitwood, L. A., Inflated basaltic lava-examples of processes and landforms from central and southeast Oregon, Oreg. Geol., 56, 1121, 1994.
  • DeGraff, J. M., P. E. Long, A. Aydin, Use of joint growth directions and rock texture to infer thermal regimes during solidification of basaltic lava, J. Volcanol. Geotherm. Res., 38, 309324, 1989.
  • Einarsson, T., The flowing lava: Studies of its main physical and chemical properties, The Eruption of Hekla 1947–48 IVT. Einarsson, G. Kjartansson, S. Thorarinsson, Rit, 3, 7l, Vísindafélag Ís., 1949.
  • Flynn, L., P. J. Mouginis-Mark, Cooling rate of an active Hawaiian lava flow from nighttime spectroradiometer measurements, Geophys. Res. Lett., 19, 17831786, 1992.
  • Fuller, R. E., The geomorphology and volcanic sequence of Steens Mountain in southeastern Oregon, 130, Washington Univ. Publ. in Geology, Seattle, 1931.
  • Ghiorso, M. S., R. O. Sack, M. M. Hirschmann, P. D. Asimov, MELTS, Software for thermodynamic modeling of magmatic systems, version 2.0.4, Melts Web Pages, University of Washington, 1997.
  • Goff, F. E., Vesicle cylinders in vapor-differentiated basalt flows, J. Volcanol. Geotherm. Res., 71, 167185, 1996.
  • Gudmundsson, A., K. Gronvold, N. Óskarsson, G. Larsen, P. Einarsson, B. Brandsdóttir, O. Sigurdsson, K. Saemundsson, E. Tryggvason, T. Thordarson, The 1991, Hekla eruption, course of events, Bull. Volcanol., 54, 238246, 1992.
  • Heliker, C. C., M. T. Mangan, T. N. Mattox, J. P. Kauahikaua, R. T. Helz, The character of long-term eruptions: Inferences from episodes 50–53 of the Pu'u ‘O'o-Kupaianaha eruption of Kilauea volcano, Bull. Volcanol., 59, 381393, 1998.
  • Hill, R. E., C. S. Perring, The evolution of Archaean komatiite flow fields—Are they inflationary sheet flows?, Chapman Conference on Long Lava Flows, conference Abstracts Long Lava Flows, Econ. Geol. Res. Unit Contrib., 56P. W. Whitehead, 1821, Dep. of Earth Sci. James Cook Univ. of North Queensl., Townsville, Australia, 1996.
  • Ho, A., K. V. Cashman, Temperature constraints on the Ginkgo flow of the Columbia River Basalt Group, Geology, 25, 403406, 1997.
  • Holcomb, R. T., Eruptive history and long-term behavior of Kilauea volcano, Volcanism in HawaiiR. W. Decker, T. L. Wright, P. H. Stauffer, U.S. Geol. Surv. Prof. Pap., 1350, 261350, 1987.
  • Hon, K., J. Kauahikaua, R. Denlinger, K. Mackay, Emplacement and inflation of pahoehoe sheet flows: Observations and measurements of active lava flows on Kilauea volcano, Hawaii, Geol. Soc. Am. Bull., 106, 351370, 1994.
  • Hooper, P. R., The Columbia River Basalts, Science, 215, 14631468, 1982.
  • Jarvis, R. A., On the cross-sectional geometry of thermal erosion channels formed by turbulent lava flows, J. Geophys. Res., 100, 1012710140, 1995.
  • Keszthelyi, L., Measurements of the cooling of pahoehoe flow lobes, Geophys. Res. Lett., 22, 21952198, 1995.
  • Keszthelyi, L., D. C. Pieri, Emplacement of the 75-km-long Carrizozo lava flow field, south-central New Mexico, J. Volcanol. Geotherm. Res., 59, 5979, 1993.
  • Keszthelyi, L., andS. Self, Some physical requirements for the emplacement of long basaltic lava flows,J. Geophys. Res., 103B111998.
  • Kilburn, C. R. J., Patterns and predictability in the emplacement of subaerial lava flows and flow fields, Monitoring and Migitation of volcanic hazardsR. Scarpa, R. I. Tilling, 491537, Springer-Verlag, New York, 1996.
  • Kuno, H., Fractionation trends of basalt magmas in lava flows, J. Petrol., 6, 302321, 1965.
  • Landon, D. L., P. Long, Detailed stratigraphy of the N2 Grande Ronde Basalt, Columbia River Basalt Group, in central Columbia Plateau, Volcanism and Tectonism in the Columbia River Flood-Basalt ProvinceS. P. Reidel, P. R. Hooper, Spec. Pap. Geol. Soc. Am., 239, 5566, 1989.
  • Lipman, P. W., N. G. Banks, Aa flow dynamics, Mauna Loa 1984, Volcanism in HawaiiR. W. Decker, T. L. Wright, P. H. Stauffer, U.S. Geol. Surv. Prof. Pap., 1350, 15271565, 1987.
  • Long, P. E., B. J. Wood, Structures, textures, and cooling histories of Columbia River basalt flows, Geol. Soc. Am. Bull., 97, 11441155, 1986.
  • Mackenzie, W. S., C. H. Donaldson, C. Guilford, Atlas of Igneous Rocks and Their Textures, 148, John Wiley, New York, 1982.
  • Mackin, J. H., A stratigraphic section in the Yakima basalt and the Ellensburg Formation in south-central Washington, Rep. Invest., Wash. Div. Mines Geol19, 45, 1961.
  • Mangan, M. T., T. L. Wright, D. A. Swanson, G. R. Byerly, Regional correlation of Grande Ronde Flows, Columbia River Basalt Group, Washington, Oregon, and Idaho, Geol. Soc. Am. Bull., 97, 13001318, 1986.
  • Martin, B. S., Chemical stratigraphy of the Roza Member, Columbia River Basalt Group, Geol. Soc. Am. Abstr. Programs, 19, 429, 1987.
  • Martin, B. S., The Roza Member, Columbia River Basalt Group: Chemical stratigraphy and flow distribution, Volcanism and Tectonism in the Columbia River Flood-Basalt ProvinceS. P. Reidel, P. R. Hooper, Spec. Pap. Geol. Soc. Am., 239, 85104, 1989.
  • Martin, B. S., Geochemical variations within the Roza Member, Wanapum Basalt, Columbia River Basalt Group: Implications for the magmatic processes affecting continental flood basalts, Ph.D. thesis, 513 pp.,Univ. of Mass. Amherst,1991.
  • Mattox, T. N., C. Heliker, J. Kauahikaua, K. Hon, Development of the 1990 Kalapana flow field, Kilauea volcano, Hawaii, Bull. Volcanol., 55, 407413, 1993.
  • McMillan, K., P. E. Long, R. W. Cross, Vesiculation in Columbia River Basalts, Volcanism and Tectonism in the Columbia River Flood-Basalt ProvinceS. P. Reidel, P. R. Hooper, Spec. Pap. Geol. Soc. Am., 239, 157167, 1989.
  • Miller, D. J., T. Thordarson, G. Larsen, Sulfur degassing and nature of eruptive activity during the -935AD Eldgjá eruption, Abstract, 26, Ridge Summer School on active processes at Mid-Ocean Ridges, 1997.
  • Peterson, D. W., R. I. Tilling, Transition of basaltic lava from pahoehoe to aa, Kilauea volcano, Hawai'i: Field observations and key factors, J. Volcanol. Geotherm. Res., 7, 271293, 1980.
  • Pinkerton, H., L. Wilson, Factors controlling the lengths of channel-fed lava flows, Bull. Volcanol., 56, 108120, 1994.
  • Realmuto, V. J., K. Hon, A. B. Kahle, E. A. Abbott, D. C. Pieri, Multispectral thermal infrared mapping of the 1 October 1988 Kupaianaha flow field, Kilauea volcano, Hawaii, Bull. Volcanol., 55, 3344, 1992.
  • Reidel, S. P., K. R. Fecht, The Huntzinger flow: Evidence of surface mixing of the Columbia River basalt and its petrogenetic implications, Geol. Soc. Am. Bull., 98, 664667, 1987.
  • Rossi, M. J., Morphology and mechanism of eruption postglacial shield volcanoes in Iceland, Bull. Volcanol., 57, 530540, 1996.
  • Rossi, M. J., A. Gudmundsson, The morphology and formation of flow-lobe tumuli on Icelandic shield volcanoes, J. Volcanol. Geotherm. Res., 72, 291308, 1996.
  • Rowland, S. K., G. P. L. Walker, Pahoehoe and aa in Hawaii: Volumetric flow rate controls the lava structure, Bull. Volcanol., 52, 615628, 1990.
  • Saemundsson, K., Geology of the Thingvallavatn area, Oikos, 64, 4068, 1992.
  • Schiffman, P., G. E. Lofgren, Dynamic crystallization studies on the Grande Ronde pillow basalts, central Washington, J. Geol., 90, 4978, 1982.
  • Schmincke, H.-U., Stratigraphy and structure of four upper Yakima basalt flows in south-central Washington, Geol. Soc. Am. Bull., 78, 13851422, 1967.
  • Self, S., T. Thordarson, L. Keszthelyi, G. P. L. Walker, K. Hon, M. T. Murphy, P. Long, S. Finnemore, A new model for the emplacement of the Columbia River Basalt as large, inflated pahoehoe sheet lava flow fields, Geophys. Res. Lett., 23, 26892692, 1996a.
  • Self, S., T. Thordarson, L. Keszthelyi, Inflation features as keys to the emplacement of pahoehoe lava flow fields in the Columbia River Basalt Group, Chapman Conference on Long Lava Flows, conference Abstracts Long Lava Flows, Econ. Geol. Res. Unit Contrib., 56P. W. Whitehead, 7273, Dep. of Earth Sci. James Cook Univ. of North Queensl., Townsville, Australia, 1996b.
  • Self, S., T. Thordarson, L. Keszthelyi, Emplacement of continental flood basalt lava flows, Large Igneous Provinces, Geophys. Monogr. Ser., 100J. J. Mahoney, M. Coffin, 381410, AGU, Washington, D.C., 1997.
  • Self, S., L. Keszthelyi, T. Thordarson, The importance of pahoehoe, Annu. Rev. Earth Planet. Sci., 26, 81110, 1998.
  • Shaw, H. R., D. A. Swanson, Eruption and flow rates of flood basalts, Proceedings of the Second Columbia River Basalt SymposiumE. H. Gilmour, D. Stradling, 271299East. Wash. State Coll. Press, Cheney, 1970.
  • Smith, R. E., Segregation vesicles in basaltic lava, Am. J. Sci., 265, 696713, 1967.
  • Swanson, D. A., Yakima Basalt near the Tieton River area, southcentral Washington, Geol. Soc. Am. Bull., 78, 10771110, 1967.
  • Swanson, D. A., T. L. Wright, The regional approach to studying the Columbia River Basalt Group, Deccan volcanism and related provinces in other parts of the worldK. V. Subbaro, R. N. Sukheswala, Geol. Soc. India. Mem., 3, 5880, 1980.
  • Swanson, D. A., T. L. Wright, R. T. Helz, Linear vent systems and estimated rates of magma production and eruption for the Yakima Basalt on the Columbia Plateau, Am. J. Sci., 275, 877905, 1975.
  • Swanson, D. A., T. L. Wright, P. R. Hooper, R. D. Bentley, Revisions in stratigraphic nomenclature of the Columbia River Basalt Group, U.S. Geol. Surv. Bull., 1457-G, G1G59, 1979.
  • Thorarinsson, S., The Surtsey eruption: Course of events during the year 1967Surtsey Res. Progr. Rep. 4, 143148Surtsey Res. Com., Reykjavík, 1968.
  • Thordarson, T., Volatile release and atmospheric effects of basaltic fissure eruptions, Ph.D. Thesis,Honolulu, 570 pp.,Univ. of Hawaii at Manoa,1995.
  • Thordarson, T., S. Self, The Laki (Skaftár Fires) and Grímsvötn eruptions in 1783–85, Bull. Volcanol., 55, 233263, 1993.
  • Thordarson, T., S. Self, Sulfur, chlorine, and fluorine degassing and atmospheric loading by the Roza eruption, Columbia River Basalt Group, Washington, USA, J. Volcanol. Geotherm. Res., 74, 4973, 1996a.
  • Thordarson, T., S. Self, Morphology and structures of pahoehoe sheet flow units: Examples from flood lavas in Iceland and Columbia River Basalt Group, Chapman Conference on Long Lava Flows, conference Abstracts Long Lava Flows, Econ. Geol. Res. Unit Contrib., 56P. W. Whitehead, 9091, Dep. Of Earth Sci. James Cook Univ. of North Queensl., Townsville, Australia, 1996b.
  • Thordarson, T., S. Self, N. Óskarsson, T. Hulsebosch, Sulfur, chlorine, and fluorine degassing and atmospheric loading by the 1783–84 AD Laki (Skaftár Fires) eruption in Iceland, Bull. Volcanol., 58, 205225, 1996.
  • Tolan, T. L., S. P. Reidel, M. H. Beeson, J. L. Anderson, K. R. Fecht, D. A. Swanson, Revisions to the estimates of the areal extent and volume of the Columbia River Basalt Group, Volcanism and Tectonism in the Columbia River Flood-Basalt ProvinceS. P. Reidel, P. R. Hooper, Spec. Pap. Geol. Soc. Am., 239, 120, 1989.
  • Vilmundardóttir, E. G., G. Larsen, andI. Kaldal, Geologic map of Sigalda—Veidivötn, Orkustofnun,Reykjavík, Iceland,1990.
  • Walker, G. P. L., Compound and simple lava flows and flood basalts, Bull. Volcanol., 35, 579590, 1972.
  • Walker, G. P. L., Spongy pahoehoe in Hawaii: A study of vesicle-distribution patterns in basalt and their significance, Bull. Volcanol., 51, 199209, 1989.
  • Walker, G. P. L., Structure, and origin by injection of lava under surface crust, of tumuli, “lava rises”, “lava-rise pits”, and “lava-inflation clefts” in Hawaii, Bull. Volcanol., 53, 546558, 1991.
  • Walker, G. P. L., Plant molds in Hawaiian basalts: Was Oahu a desert, and why, J. Geol., 103, 8593, 1995.
  • Waters, A. C., Determining direction of flow in basalts, Am. J. Sci., 258-A, 350366, 1960.
  • Waters, A. C., Stratigraphic and lithologic variations in the Columbia River Basalts, Am. J. Sci., 259, 583611, 1961.
  • Wright, T. L., M. J. Grolier, D. A. Swanson, Chemical variation related to the stratigraphy of the Columbia River Basalt, Geol. Soc. Am. Bull., 84, 371386, 1973.
  • Wright, T. L., R. T. Okamura, Cooling and crystallization of tholeiitic basalt, 1965 lava lake, Hawai'i, U.S. Geol. Surv. Prof Pap., 1004, 78, 1977.
  • Wright, T. L., M. Mangan, D. A. Swanson, Chemical data for flows and feeder dikes of the Yakima Basalt Subgroup, Columbia River Basalt Group, Washington Oregon, and Idaho, and their bearing on a petrogenetic model, U.S. Geol. Surv. Bull., 1821, 71, 1989.