SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Anderson, E. M., The Dynamics of Faulting and Dyke Formation with Applications to Britain2nd ed., 206, Oliver and Boyd, Edinburgh, 1951.
  • Angelier, J., B. Colletta, Tension fractures and extensional tectonics, Nature, 301, 4951, 1983.
  • Angelier, J., F. Bergerat, O. Dauteuil, T. Villemin, Effective tension-shear relationships in extensional fissure swarms, axial rift zone of northeastern Iceland, J. Struct. Geol., 19, 673685, 1997.
  • Armijo, R., P. Tapponier, J. L. Mercier, T. Han, Quaternary extension in southern Tibet: Field observations and tectonic implications, J. Geophys. Res., 91, 1380313872, 1986.
  • Barsukov, V. L., et al., The geology and geomorphology of the Venus surface as revealed by the radar images obtained by Veneras 15 and 16, J. Geophys. Res., 91, 378398, 1986.
  • Basilevsky, A. T., J. W. Head, Global stratigraphy of Venus: Analysis of a random sample of thirty-six test areas, Earth Moon Planets, 66, 285336, 1995a.
  • Basilevsky, A. T., J. W. Head, Regional and global stratigraphy of Venus: A preliminary assessment and implications for the geological history of Venus, Planet. Space Sci., 43, 15231554, 1995b.
  • Bindschadler, D. L., J. W. Head, Characterization of Venera 15/16 geologic units from Pioneer reflectivity and roughness data, Icarus, 77, 320, 1989.
  • Bindschadler, D. L., J. W. Head, Tessera terrain, Venus: Characterization and models for origin and evolution, J. Geophys. Res., 96, 58895907, 1991.
  • Bindschadler, D. L., E. M. Parmentier, Mantle flow tectonics: The influence of a ductile lower crust and implications for the formation of topographic uplands on Venus, J. Geophys. Res, 95, 21,32921,344, 1990.
  • Bindschadler, D. L., A. deCharon, K. K. Beratan, S. E. Smrekar, J. W. Head, Magellan observations of Alpha Regio: Implications for the formation of complex ridged terrains on Venus, J. Geophys. Res., 97, 13,56313,578, 1992a.
  • Bindschadler, D. L., G. Schubert, W. M. Kaula, Coldspots and hotspots: Global tectonics and mantle dynamics of Venus, J. Geophys. Res., 97, 13,49513,532, 1992b.
  • Björnsson, A., Dynamics of crustal spreading in Iceland, J. Geophys. Res., 90, 1015110162, 1985.
  • Brace, W. F., Brittle fracture of rocks, State of Stress of the Earth's CrustW. R. Judd, 111180, Elsevier, New York, 1964.
  • Brown, C. D., R. E. Grimm, Tessera deformation and the contemporaneous thermal state of the plateau highlands, Venus, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 147, 110, 1997.
  • Bullock, M. A., D. H. Grinspoon, Geological forcing of surface temperatures on Venus, Lunar Planet. Sci., 29Abstract 1542 (CD-ROM), 1998.
  • Burchfiel, B. C., L. H. Royden, North-south extension within the convergent Himalayan region, Geology, 13, 679682, 1985.
  • Burchfiel, B. C., C. Zhiliang, K. V. Hodges, L. Yuping, L. H. Royden, D. Changrong, X. Jiene, The South Tibetan Detachment System, Himalayan Orogen: Extension contemporaneous with and parallel to shortening in a collisional mountain belt, Spec. Pap. Geol. Soc. Am., 269, 41, 1992.
  • Caristan, Y., The transition from high temperature creep to fracture in Maryland diabase, J. Geophys. Res., 87, 67816790, 1982.
  • Carr, M. H., The Surface of Mars, 232, Yale University Press, New Haven, 1981.
  • Chadwick, D. J., G. G. Schaber, Evidence for episodic construction of Ovda Regio (abstract), Lunar Planet. Sci., 25, 229230, 1994.
  • Connors, C., Determining heights and slopes of fault scarps and other surfaces on Venus using Magellan stereo radar, J. Geophys. Res., 100, 14,36114,381, 1995.
  • Dalmayrac, B., P. Molnar, Parallel thrust and normal faulting in Peru and constraints on the state of stress, Earth Plan. Sci. Lett., 55, 473481, 1981.
  • Dewey, J. F., Extensional collapse of orogens, Tectonics, 7, 11231139, 1988.
  • England, P., Some numerical investigations of large scale continental deformation, Mountain Building ProcessesK. J. Hsü, 129139, Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1982.
  • England, P. C., G. A. Houseman, The mechanics of the Tibetan Plateau, Philos. Trans. R. Soc. London, Ser. A, 326, 301320, 1988.
  • England, P. C., G. A. Houseman, Extension during continental convergence, with application to the Tibetan Plateau, J. Geophys. Res., 94, 17,56117,579, 1989.
  • England, P. C., D. P. McKenzie, Correction to: A thin viscous sheet model for continental deformation, Geophys. J. R. Astron. Soc., 73, 523532, 1983.
  • Ernst, R. E., J. W. Head, E. Parfitt, E. Grosfils, L. Wilson, Giant radiation dyke swarms on the Earth and Venus, Earth Sci. Rev., 39, 158, 1995.
  • Farmer, I. W., Engineering Properties of Rocks, 180, E. & F. N. Spon, London, 1968.
  • Fredrich, J. T., T.-f. Wong, Micromechanics of thermally induced cracking in three crustal rocks, J. Geophys. Res., 91, 12,74312,764, 1986.
  • Ghent, R. R., V. L. Hansen, Structural analysis of central and eastern Ovda Regio, Venus (abstract), Lunar Planet. Sci., 28, 409410, 1997.
  • Gilmore, M. S., J. W. Head, Intratessera volcanism of Alpha and Tellus tesserae on Venus (abstract), Lunar Planet. Sci., 25, 425426, 1994.
  • Gilmore, M. S., J. W. Head, Formation of tessera terrain on Venus: A structural analysis of Tellus Regio (abstract), Lunar Plan. Sci., 26, 461462, 1995.
  • Gilmore, M. S., J. W. Head, Evidence for collisional tectonics at Tellus Regio tessera, Venus (abstract), Lunar Planet. Sci., 27, 415416, 1996.
  • Gilmore, M. S., M. A. Ivanov, J. W. Head, A. T. Basilevsky, Duration of tessera deformation on Venus, J. Geophys. Res., 102, 13,35713,368, 1997.
  • Golombek, M. P., Structural analysis of lunar grabens and the shallow crustal structure of the Moon, J. Geophys. Res., 84, 46574666, 1979.
  • Golombek, M. P., Fault type predictions from stress distributions on planetary surfaces: Importance of fault initiation depth, J. Geophys. Res., 90, 30653074, 1985.
  • Golombek, M. P., G. E. McGill, Grabens, basin tectonics, and the maximum total expansion of the Moon, J. Geophys. Res., 88, 35633578, 1983.
  • Griffith, A. A., The theory of rupture, Int. Congr. Appl. Mech. Proc. Delft, 1st, 55, 1925.
  • Griggs, D. T., J. Handin, Observations on fracture and a hypothesis of earthquakes, Mem. Geol. Soc. Am., 79, 347373, 1960.
  • Grimm, R. E., Recent deformation rates on Venus, J. Geophys. Res., 99, 23,16323,171, 1994.
  • Grimm, R. E., S. C. Solomon, Viscous relaxation of impact crater relief on Venus: Constraints on crustal thickness and thermal gradient, J. Geophys. Res., 93, 11,91111,929, 1988.
  • Gudmundsson, A., Geometry, formation and development of tectonic fractures on the Reykjanes Peninsula, southwest Iceland, Tectonophysics, 139, 295308, 1987.
  • Hansen, V. L., Regional non-coaxial deformation on Venus: Evidence from western Itzpapalotl tessera (abstract), Lunar Planet. Sci., 23, 478479, 1992.
  • Hansen, V. L., J. J. Willis, Structural analysis of a sampling of tesserae: Implications for Venus geodynamics, Icarus, 123, 296312, 1996.
  • Hansen, V. L., J. J. Willis, Ribbon terrain formation, southwestern Fortuna Tessera, Venus: Implications for lithosphere evolution, Icarus, 321343, 1998.
  • Head, J. W., A. T. Basilevsky, Sequence of tectonic deformation in the history of Venus: Evidence from global stratigraphic relationships, Geology, 26, 3538, 1998.
  • Herrick, R. R., Resurfacing history of Venus, Geology, 22, 703706, 1994.
  • Herrick, R. R., R. J. Phillips, Blob tectonics: A prediction for western Aphrodite Terra, Venus, Geophys. Res. Lett., 17, 21292132, 1990.
  • Hodges, K. V., R. R. Parrish, T. B. Housh, D. R. Lux, B. C. Burchfiel, L. H. Royden, Z. Chen, Simultaneous Miocene extension and shortening in the Himalayan orogen, Science, 258, 14661470, 1992.
  • Illies, J. H., Mechanism of graben formation, Tectonophysics, 73, 249266, 1981.
  • Ivanov, M. A., A. T. Basilevsky, Density and morphology of impact craters on tessera terrain, Geophys. Res. Lett., 20, 25792582, 1993.
  • Ivanov, M. A., J. W. Head, Tessera terrain on Venus: A survey of the global distribution, characteristics, and relation to surrounding units from Magellan data, J. Geophys. Res., 101, 14,86114,908, 1996a.
  • Ivanov, M. A., J. W. Head, Tessera terrain on Ovda Regio, Venus: Preliminary results of a geologic mapping traverse, Lunar Planet. Sci., 27, 591592, 1996b.
  • Jackson, J. A., Active normal faulting and crustal extension, Continental Extensional TectonicsM. P. Coward, J. F. Dewey, P. L. Hancock, Sp. Pub. Geol. Soc., 28, 317, 1987.
  • Jackson, J., D. McKenzie, The geometrical evolution of normal fault systems, J. Struct. Geol., 5, 471482, 1983.
  • Jackson, J. A., N. J. White, Normal faulting in the upper continental crust: Observations from regions of active extension, J. Struct. Geol., 11, 1536, 1989.
  • Kaula, W. M., Venus: A contrast in evolution to Earth, Science, 247, 11911196, 1990.
  • Langseth Jr., M. G., Review of heat flow measurements along the mid-oceanic ridge system, The World Rift SystemT. N. Irvine, Geol. Soc. Can. Spec. Pap., 66-14, 349362, 1965.
  • Lenardic, A., W. M. Kaula, D. L. Bindschadler, Some effects of a dry crustal flow law on numerical simulations of couple crustal deformation and mantle convection on Venus, J. Geophys. Res., 100, 16,94916,957, 1995.
  • Mackwell, S. J., M. E. Zimmerman, D. L. Kohlstedt, D. S. Scherber, Dry deformation of diabase: Implications for tectonics on Venus (abstract), Lunar Planet. Sci., 25, 817818, 1994.
  • Mandl, G., Mechanics of Tectonic Faulting: Models and Basic Concepts, 407, Elsevier, New York, 1988.
  • McGill, G. E., Attitude of fractures bounding straight and arcuate lunar rilles, Icarus, 14, 5358, 1971.
  • McGill, G. E., A. W. Stromquist, The grabens of Canyonlands National Park, Utah: Geometry, mechanics, and kinematics, J. Geophys. Res., 84, 45474563, 1979.
  • McKenzie, D., J. M. McKenzie, R. S. Saunders, Dike emplacement on Venus and on Earth, J. Geophys. Res., 97, 15,97715,990, 1992.
  • Molnar, P., H. Lyon-Caen, Some simple physical aspects of the support, structure, and evolution of mountain belts, Processes in Continental Lithospheric DeformationS. P. Clark Jr., B. C. Burchfiel, J. Suppe, Spec. Pap. Geol. Soc. Am., 218, 179207, 1988.
  • Molnar, P., P. Tapponnier, Cenozoic tectonics of Asia: Effects of a continental collision, Science, 189, 419426, 1975.
  • Nimmo, F., D. McKenzie, Convective thermal evolution of the upper mantles of Earth and Venus, Geophys. Res. Lett., 24, 15391542, 1997.
  • Nur, A., The origin of tensile fracture lineaments, J. Struct. Geol., 4, 3140, 1982.
  • Pappalardo, R. T., R. Greeley, A review of the origins of subparallel ridges and troughs: Generalized morphological predictions from terrestrial models, J. Geophys. Res., 100, 18,98519,007, 1995.
  • Parfitt, E., J. W. Head, Buffered and unbuffered dike emplacement on Earth and Venus: Implications for magma reservoir size, depth, and rate of magma replenishment, Earth Moon Planets, 61, 249281, 1993.
  • Phillips, R. J., V. L. Hansen, Tectonic and magmatic evolution of Venus, Annu. Rev. Earth Planet. Sci., 22, 597654, 1994.
  • Phillips, R. J., V. L. Hansen, Geological evolution of Venus: Rises, plains, plumes, and plateaus, Science, 279, 14921497, 1998.
  • Phillips, R. J., R. E. Grimm, M. C. Malin, Hot-spot evolution and the global tectonics of Venus, Science, 252, 651658, 1991.
  • Phillips, R. J., R. F. Raubertas, R. E. Arvidson, I. C. Sarkar, R. R. Herrick, N. Izenberg, R. E. Grimm, Impact craters and Venus resurfacing history, J. Geophys. Res., 97, 15,92315,948, 1992.
  • Plaut, J. J., Stereo Imaging, Guide to Magellan Image InterpretationJ. P. Ford, et al., JPL Publ., 93-24, 3343, 1993.
  • Plescia, J. B., Graben and extension in northern Tharsis, Mars, J. Geophys. Res., 96, 18,88318,895, 1991.
  • Pritchard, M., V. L. Hansen, J. Willis, Structural evolution of western Fortuna Tessera, Venus, Geophys. Res. Lett., 24, 23392342, 1997.
  • Royden, L. H., B. C. Burchfiel, R. W. King, E. Wang, Z. Chen, F. Shen, Y. Liu, Surface deformation and lower crustal flow in eastern Tibet, Science, 276, 788790, 1997.
  • Sato, H., M. P. Ryan, Generalized upper mantle thermal structure of the western United States and its relationship to seismic attenuation, heat flow, partial melt, and magma ascent and emplacement, Magmatic SystemsM. P. Ryan, 259290, Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1994.
  • Saunders, R. S., et al., Magellan mission summary, J. Geophys. Res., 97, 13,06713,090, 1992.
  • Schaber, G. G., R. G. Strom, H. J. Moore, L. A. Soderblom, R. L. Kirk, D. J. Chadwick, D. D. Dawson, L. R. Gaddis, J. M. Boyce, J. Russell, Geology and distribution of impact craters on Venus: What are they telling us?, J. Geophys. Res., 97, 13,25713,302, 1992.
  • Schlater, J. G., C. Jaupart, D. Galson, The heat flow through oceanic and continental crust and the heat loss of the Earth, Rev. Geophys., 18, 269311, 1980.
  • Shelton, G., J. A. Tullis, Experimental flow laws for crustal rocks, Trans. Am. Geophys. Union., 62, 396, 1981.
  • Solomatov, V. S., L.-N. Moresi, Stagnant lid convection on Venus, J. Geophys. Res., 101, 47374753, 1996.
  • Solomon, S. C., J. W. Head, Venus banded terrain: Tectonic models for band formation and their relationship to lithospheric thermal structure, J. Geophys. Res., 89, 68856897, 1984.
  • Solomon, S. C., et al., Venus tectonics: An overview of Magellan observations, J. Geophys. Res., 97, 13,19913,256, 1992.
  • Stewart, J. H., Basin and Range structure: A system of horsts and grabens produced by deep-seated extension, Geol. Soc. Am. Bull., 82, 10191044, 1971.
  • Stofan, E. R., D. A. Senske, T. J. Parker, Tectonic Features in Magellan data, Guide to Magellan Image InterpretationJ. P. Ford, et al., JPL Publ., 93-24, 93108, 1993.
  • Strom, R. G., G. G. Schaber, D. D. Dawson, The global resurfacing of Venus, J. Geophys. Res., 99, 10,89910,926, 1994.
  • Sukhanov, A. L., Parquet: Regions of areal plastic dislocations, Geotectonics, 20, 294305, 1986.
  • Sukhanov, A. L., Tesserae, Venus Geology, Geochemistry, and GeophysicsV. L. Barsukov, A. T. Basilevsky, V. Volkov, V. Zharkov, 8295, Univ. of Ariz. Press, Tuscon, 1992.
  • Tanaka, K. L., M. P. Golombek, Martian tension fractures and the formation of grabens and collapse features at Valles Marineris, Proc. Lunar. Planet. Sci. Conf., 19th, 383396, 1989.
  • Thorarinsson, S., The median zone of Iceland, The World Rift SystemT. N. Irvine, Geol. Soc. Can. Spec. Pap., 66-14, 187211, 1965.
  • Turcotte, D. L., Magellan and comparative planetology, J. Geophys. Res., 101, 47654773, 1996.
  • Turcotte, D. L., G. Schubert, Geodynamics: Applications of Continuum Physics to Geological Problems, 450, John Wiley, New York, 1982.
  • Twiss, R. J., E. M. Moores, Structural Geology, 532, W. H. Freeman, New York, 1992.
  • Vendeville, B., P. R. Cobbold, P. Davy, L. Brun, P. Choukroune, Physical models of extensional tectonics at various scales, Continental Extensional TectonicsM. P. Coward, J. F. Dewey, P. L. Hancock, Geol. Soc. Spec. Publ., 28, 95107, 1987.
  • Wernicke, B., Low-angle normal faults in the Basin and Range province: Nappe tectonics in an extending orogen, Nature, 291, 645648, 1981.
  • Westaway, R., Continental extension on sets of parallel faults: Observational evidence and theoretical models, The Geometry of Normal FaultsA. M. Roberts, G. Yielding, B. Freeman, Geol. Soc. Spec. Publ., 56, 143169, 1991.
  • Zuber, M. T., E. M. Parmentier, Finite amplitude folding of a continuously viscosity-stratified lithosphere, J. Geophys. Res., 101, 54895498, 1996.