SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Adkins, J. F., E. A. Boyle, Changing atmospheric Δ14C and the record of deep water paleoventilation ages, Paleoceanography, 12, 337344, 1997.
  • Alfultis, M. A., S. Martin, Satellite passive microwave studies of the Sea of Okhotsk ice cover and its relation to oceanic processes, 1978–1982, J. Geophys. Res., 92, 13,01313,028, 1987.
  • Alley, R. B., et al., Abrupt increase in Greenland snow accumulation at the end of the Younger Dryas event, Nature, 362, 527529, 1993.
  • Bemis, B. E., H. J. Spero, J. Bijma, D. W. Lea, Réévaluation of the oxygen isotopic composition of planktonic foraminifera: Experimental results and revised paleotemperature equations, Paleoceanography, 13, 150160, 1998.
  • Berger, W. H., Planktonic foraminifera: Shell production and preservation, Ph.D. thesis, Univ. of Calif., San Diego, 1968.
  • Boyle, E. A., Oceanic chemical distributions during the Stage 2 glacial maximum: Cadmium and δ13C evidence compared, Ann. Rev. Earth Planet. Sci., 20, 245287, 1992.
  • Boyle, E. A., L. D. Keigwin, North Atlantic thermohaline circulation during the past 20,000 years linked to high-latitude surface temperature, Nature, 330, 3540, 1987.
  • Bray, N. A., Thermohaline circulation in the Gulf of California, J. Geophys. Res., 93, 49935020, 1988.
  • Broecker, W. S., E. Maier-Reimer, The influence of air and sea exchange on the carbon isotope distribution in the sea, Global Biogeochem. Cycles, 6, 315320, 1992.
  • Charles, C. D., J. D. Wright, R. G. Fairbanks, Thermodynamic influences on the marine carbon isotope record, Paleoceanography, 8, 691697, 1993.
  • , Climate: Long-Range Investigation, Mapping, and Prediction (CLIMAP), Seasonal reconstructions of the Earth's surface at the last glacial maximum, Geol Soc. Am. Map Chart Ser., 36, 118, 1981.
  • Curry, W. B., T. J. Crowley, The δ13C of equatorial Atlantic surface waters: Implications for ice age pCO2 levels, Paleoceanography, 2, 489517, 1987.
  • Curry, W. B., J. C. Duplessy, L. D. Labeyrie, N. J. Shackleton, Changes in the distribution of δ13C of deep water ΣCO2 between the last glaciation and the Holocene, Paleocean-ography, 3, 317341, 1988.
  • Dean, W. E., J. V. Gardner, E. Hemphill-Haley, Changes in redox conditions in deepsea sediments: Possible evidence for the presence of North Pacific Deep Water, Paleoceanography, 4, 639653,.
  • Duplessy, J. C., N. J. Shackleton, R. G. Fairbanks, L. Labeyrie, D. Oppo, N. Kallel, Deepwater source variations during the last climatic cycle and their impact on the global deepwater circulation, Paleoceanography, 3, 343360, 1988.
  • Fairbanks, R. G., A 17,000-year glacio-eustatic sea level record: Influence of glacial melting rates on the Younger Dryas event and deepocean circulation, Nature, 342, 637642, 1989.
  • Freeland, H. J., A. S. Bychkov, F. Whitney, C. Taylor, C. S. Wong, G. I. Yurasov, WOCE section P1W in the Sea of Okhotsk., 1, Oceanographic data description, J. Geophys. Res., 1998.
  • Ganopolski, A., S. Rahmstorf, V. Petoukhov, M. Claussen, Simulation of modern and glacial climates with a coupled global model of intermediate complexity, Nature, 391, 351356, 1998.
  • Gorbarenko, S. A., Stable isotope and lithologic evidence of late-glacial and Holocene oceanography of the northwestern Pacific and its marginal seas, Quat. Res., 46, 230250, 1996.
  • Herguera, J. C., E. Jansen, W. H. Berger, Evidence for a bathyal front at 2000 m depth in the glacial Pacific, based on a depth transect on Ontong Java Plateau, Paleoceanography, 7, 273288, 1992.
  • Kallel, N., L. D. Labeyrie, A. Juillet-Leclerc, J. C. Duplessy, A deep hydrological front between intermediate and deep-water masses in the glacial Indian Ocean, Nature, 333, 651655, 1988.
  • Keigwin, L. D., North Pacific deep water formation during the latest glaciation, Nature, 330, 362364, 1987.
  • Keigwin, L. D., S. A. Gorbarenko, Sea level, surface salinity of the Japan Sea, and the Younger Dryas event in the northwestern Pacific Ocean, Quat. Res, 37, 346360, 1992.
  • Keigwin, L. D., G. A. Jones, Deglacial climatic oscillations in the Gulf of California, Paleoceanography, 5, 10091023, 1990.
  • Keigwin, L. D., G. A. Jones, P. N. Froelich, A 15,000 year paleoenvironmental record from Meiji Seamount, far northwestern Pacific, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 111, 425440, 1992.
  • Kennett, J. P., B. L. Ingram, A 20,000-year record of ocean circulation and climate change from the Santa Barbara basin, Nature, 377, 510514, 1995.
  • Kim, S.-T., J. R. O'Neil, Equilibrium and nonequilibrium oxygen isotope effects in synthetic carbonates, Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta, 61, 34613475, 1997.
  • Labeyrie, L. D., N. Kallel, M. Arnold, A. Juillet-Leclerc, F. Maitre, J. C. Duplessy, N. J. Shackleton, Variabilite des eaux intermediares et profondes dans l'ocean Pacifique Nord-Ouest pendant la dernier deglaciation, Oceanol. Acta, 10, 329339, 1990.
  • Lonsdale, P., J. Dieu, J. Natland, Posterosional volcanism in the Cretaceous part of the Hawaiian hotspot trail, J. Geophys. Res., 98, 40814098, 1993.
  • Lynch-Stieglitz, J., R. G. Fairbanks, C. D. Charles, Glacial-interglacial history of Antarctic Intermediate Water: Relative strengths of Antarctic versus Indian Ocean sources, Paleoceanography, 9, 729, 1994.
  • Lynch-Stieglitz, J., T. Stocker, W. S. Broecker, R. G. Fairbanks, The influence of air-sea exchange on the isotopic composition of oceanic carbon: Observations and modeling, Global Biogeochem. Cycles, 9, 653665, 1995.
  • Lynch-Stieglitz, J., A. vanGeen, R. G. Fairbanks, Interocean exchange of Glacial North Atlantic Intermediate Water: Evidence from Subantarctic Cd/Ca and carbon isotope measurements, Paleoceanography, 11, 191201, 1996.
  • Mackensen, A., H. W. Hubberton, T. Bickert, G. Fischer, D. K. Futterer, δ13C in benthic foraminiferal tests of Fontbotia Wuellerstorfi (Schwager) relative to δ13C of dissolved inorganic carbon in Southern Ocean Deep Water: Implications for glacial ocean circulation models, Paleoceanography, 8, 587610, 1993.
  • Mammerickx, J., A deep-sea thermohaline flow path in the Northwest Pacific, Mar. Geol., 65, 119, 1985.
  • McCorkle, D. C., L. D. Keigwin, Depth profiles of δ13C in bottom water and core-top C. wuellerstorfi on the Ontong-Java Plateau and Emperor Seamounts, Paleoceanography, 9, 197208, 1994.
  • Mix, A. C., N. G. Pisias, R. Zahn, W. Rugh, C. Lopez, K. Nelson, Carbon 13 in Pacific deep and intermediate waters, 0–370 ka: Implications for ocean circulation and Pleistocene COi, Paleoceanography, 6, 205226, 1991.
  • Morley, J. J., J. D. Hays, Oceanographic conditions associated with high abundances of the radiolarian Cycladophora davisiana, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 66, 6372, 1983.
  • Morley, J. J., L. E. Heusser, N. J. Shackleton, Late Pleistocene/Holocene radiolarian and pollen records from sediments in the Sea of Okhotsk, Paleoceanography, 6, 121131, 1991.
  • Ohkouchi, N., H. Kawahata, M. Murayama, M. Okada, T. Nakamura, A. Taira, Was deep water formed in the North Pacific during the late Quaternary? Cadmium evidence from the northwest Pacific, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett, 124, 185194, 1994.
  • Oppo, D. W., R. G. Fairbanks, Variability in the deep and intermediate water circulation of the Atlantic Ocean during the past 25,000 years: Northern hemisphere modulation of the Southern Ocean, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 86, 115, 1987.
  • Oppo, D. W., S. J. Lehman, Mid-depth circulation of the subpolar North Atlantic during the last glacial maximum, Science, 259, 11481152, 1993.
  • Reid Jr., J. L., Intermediate waters of the Pacific Ocean, Johns Hopkins Oceanogr. Stud., 2, 85, 1965.
  • Reid Jr., J. L., North Pacific Ocean waters in winter, Johns Hopkins Oceanogr. Stud., 5, 96, 1973.
  • Schrag, S. P., G. Hampt, D. W. Murray, Pore fluid constraints on the temperature and oxygen isotopic composition of the glacial ocean, Science, 272, 19301932, 1996.
  • Shackleton, N. J., Attainment of isotopic equilibrium between ocean water and the benthonic foraminifera genus Uvigerina: Isotopic changes in the ocean during the last glacial, Colloque Int. CNRS, 219, 203209, 1974.
  • Shackleton, N. J., J. Imbrie, M. A. Hall, Oxygen and carbon isotope record of east Pacific Core V19–30: Implications for the formation of deep water in the late Pleistocene North Atlantic, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett ., 65, 233244, 1983.
  • Sigman, D., L. D. Keigwin, M. A. Altabet, D. McCorkle, The Nitrogen isotopic analysis of a deglacial productivity event in the western Subarctic Pacific (Abstract), EOS Trans. AGU, 74(16), Spring Meet. Suppl., 185, 1993.
  • Spero, H. J., J. Bijma, D. W. Lea, B. E. Bemis, Effect of seawater carbonate concentration on foraminiferal carbon and oxygen isotopes, Nature, 390, 497500, 1997.
  • Stuiver, M., P. J. Reimer, Extended 14C database and revised CALIB radiocarbon calibration program, Radiocarbon, 35, 215230, 1993.
  • Talley, L. D., An Okhotsk Sea water anomaly: Implications for ventilation in the North Pacific, Deep Sea Res., Part A, 38, 171190, 1991.
  • Talley, L. D., Distribution and formation of North Pacific Intermediate Water, Jour. Phys. Oceanogr., 23, 517537, 1993.
  • Talley, L. D., Y. Nagata, The Okhotsk Sea and Oyashio region, Rep. 2, Working Group, 1, North Pac. Mar. Sci. Org. (PICES), Sidney, B. C., 1995.
  • Talley, L. D., Y. Nagata, M. Fujimura, T. Kono, D. Inagake, M. Hirai, K. Okuda, North Pacific Intermediate Water in the Kuroshio/Oyashio mixed water region, Jour, of Phys. Oceanography, 25, 475501, 1995.
  • Udintsev, G. B., Structure of the Okhotsk Sea Bottom, USSR Acad. of Sci., Moscow, Russia, 1981.
  • vanGeen, A., R. G. Fairbanks, P. Dartnell, M. McGann, J. V. Gardner, M. Kashgarian, Ventilation changes in the northeast Pacific during the last deglaciation, Paleoceanography, 11, 519528, 1996.
  • vanScoy, K. A., R. A. Fine, H. G. Ostlund, Two decades of mixing tritium into the North Pacific Ocean, Deep Sea Res. Part A., 38, 191219, 1991.
  • Warner, M. J., G. I. Roden, Chlorofluorocarbon evidence for recent ventilation of the deep Bering Sea, Nature, 373, 409412, 1995.
  • Warren, B. A., Why is no deep water formed in the North Pacific?, J. Mar. Res., 41, 327347, 1983.
  • Wong, C. S., R. J. Matear, H. J. Freeland, F. A. Whitney, A. S. Bychkov, WOCE Line P1W in the Sea of Okhotsk, 2, CFCs and the formation rate of intermediate water, J. Geophys. Res., 1998.
  • Zahn, R., A. Mix, Benthic foraminiferal δ18O in the ocean's temperature-salinitydensity field: Constraints on ice age thermohaline circulation, Paleoceanography, 6, 120, 1991.
  • Zahn, R., K. Winn, M. Sarnthein, Benthic foraminiferal δ13C and accumulation rates of organic carbon: Uvigerina peregrina group and Cibicidoides wuellerstorfi, Paleoceanography, 1, 2742, 1986.
  • Zahn, R., T. F. Pedersen, B. D. Bornhold, A. C. Mix, Water mass conversion in the glacial Subarctic Pacific (54N, 148W): Physical constraints and the benthic-planktonic stable isotope record, Paleoceanography, 6, 543560, 1991.