Additional testing needed to confirm warming of water off New Jersey Shore
Article first published online: 3 JUN 2011
©1999. American Geophysical Union. All Rights Reserved.
Eos, Transactions American Geophysical Union
Volume 80, Issue 15, pages 173–177, 13 April 1999
How to Cite
1999), Additional testing needed to confirm warming of water off New Jersey Shore, Eos Trans. AGU, 80(15), 173–177, doi:10.1029/99EO00126.(
- Issue published online: 3 JUN 2011
- Article first published online: 3 JUN 2011
The article by Fisher et al. presents intriguing results. Their analysis of thermal data from boreholes in the sediment suggests large temperature variability (of order 6–10°C) primarily over the last 60 years with maximum temperatures approximately 20 years ago at a site (#903) on the continental slope off the southern Middle Atlantic Bight in approximately 450 m depth. Similar techniques suggest no such temperature change at a site (#902) 4.4 km away in 802 m of water.
The waters normally lying along the continental slope of the Middle Atlantic Bight and regions to the north are known as slope waters. These waters extend seaward to the northern edge of the Gulf Stream. Temperatures are typically 6–7°C at depths of 450 m or so, increasing almost linearly towards 10–15°C in shallower waters of 200 m [Stommel, 1965]. Below 700 m, temperatures are in the 4–5°C range. Similar temperatures were shown by Sverdrup et al.  at a station along the slope off Chesapeake Bay in 1932. These same authors note the large variability in temperatures at around 400 m and attribute it to slope-type waters being interspersed with short periods of North Atlantic central (Gulf Stream) waters produced by the presence of eddies or shelfward displacements in the stream itself.