Mesostigmata: Rhinonyssidae, Halarachnidae (Nasal Mites); Metastigmata: Ixodidae (Ticks)

  1. J. Linsley Gressitt
  1. Nixon Wilson

Published Online: 21 MAR 2013

DOI: 10.1029/AR010p0041

Entomology of Antarctica

Entomology of Antarctica

How to Cite

Wilson, N. (1967) Mesostigmata: Rhinonyssidae, Halarachnidae (Nasal Mites); Metastigmata: Ixodidae (Ticks), in Entomology of Antarctica (ed J. L. Gressitt), American Geophysical Union, Washington, D. C.. doi: 10.1029/AR010p0041

Author Information

  1. Bishop Museum, Honolulu, Hawaii 96819

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 21 MAR 2013
  2. Published Print: 1 JAN 1967

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780875901107

Online ISBN: 9781118668696

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Keywords:

  • Halarachnidae;
  • Ixodidae;
  • Mesostigmata;
  • Metastigmata;
  • Nasal mites;
  • Rhinonyssidae;
  • Ticks

Summary

Two species of nasal mites and 2 species of ticks are known from Antarctica. Rhinonyssus schelli Fain and Hyland (family Rhinonyssidae) parasitizes the Adélie penguin and Halarachne miroungae Ferris (family Halarachnidae) parasitizes the southern elephant seal. Ixodes uriae White and I. auritulus Neumann (family Ixodidae) occur on sea birds. The former is found most frequently in the vicinity of their nests in Antarctica, while the latter is recorded on the basis of a single specimen collected 60 years ago. Rhinonyssus schelli is known only from Antarctica; a closely related species is recorded from Peru. The remaining 3 species have widespread distribution, including the northern and southern hemispheres.