Collembola (Springtails)

  1. J. Linsley Gressitt
  1. K. A. J. Wise

Published Online: 21 MAR 2013

DOI: 10.1029/AR010p0123

Entomology of Antarctica

Entomology of Antarctica

How to Cite

Wise, K. A. J. (1967) Collembola (Springtails), in Entomology of Antarctica (ed J. L. Gressitt), American Geophysical Union, Washington, D. C.. doi: 10.1029/AR010p0123

Author Information

  1. Bishop Museum, Honolulu, Hawaii

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 21 MAR 2013
  2. Published Print: 1 JAN 1967

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780875901107

Online ISBN: 9781118668696

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Keywords:

  • Anuridae;
  • Collembola;
  • Entomobryoidea;
  • Hypogastruridae;
  • Hypogastruroidea;
  • Sminthuridae;
  • Springtails

Summary

The Collembola of the antarctic continent, S. Shetland Is., Balleny L, S. Orkney Is., and S. Sandwich Is. are treated in this paper. Following the discovery of Collembola on the offshore islands of the Antarctic Peninsula in 1898 by a Belgian Expedition, and a similar discovery on the continent in the Ross Sea sector by a British Expedition in 1899, Collembola have been collected by various expeditions. The 1958–59 summer season saw the beginning of research on these animals. In the 1959–60 season, specimens were collected at the Beardmore Glacier within 660 km of the South Pole, and in 1964–65, farther south at the Shackleton Glacier. The 17 species of Collembola recognized in the taxonomic section of this paper belong to 13 genera of four families in two suborders. One new genus and three new species are described from the antarctic continent and some new records are given for Antarctica and the S. Orkney Is. There are five endemic and eight indigenous genera in Antarctica—five endemic and six indigenous to the continent, six indigenous to S. Shetland Is. of the named species, nine are endemic, three indigenous to the continent, two endemic and six indigenous to S. Shetland Is. Four species of four genera are recorded on the S. Orkney Is. and one species on S. Sandwich Is. While the distributions of some species are extended, those of some are reduced following re-examination of specimens and published records. It seems possible that the present Antarctic collembolan fauna originated through both relict and postglacially introduced species.