Transoceanic Alkalinity Profiles in the South Pacific

  1. Joseph L. Reid
  1. Karl K. Turekian,
  2. Peter M. Bower and
  3. J. Woodburn

Published Online: 21 MAR 2013

DOI: 10.1029/AR015p0315

Antarctic Oceanology I

Antarctic Oceanology I

How to Cite

Turekian, K. K., Bower, P. M. and Woodburn, J. (1971) Transoceanic Alkalinity Profiles in the South Pacific, in Antarctic Oceanology I (ed J. L. Reid), American Geophysical Union, Washington, D. C.. doi: 10.1029/AR015p0315

Author Information

  1. Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut 06520

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 21 MAR 2013
  2. Published Print: 1 JAN 1971

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780875901152

Online ISBN: 9781118664438



  • Alkalinity distribution;
  • Measurements of alkalinity;
  • Salinity-temperature data;
  • Surface waters;
  • Transoceanic alkalinity profiles


Alkalinity profiles in transoceanic sections at 43°S and 28°S based on samples collected on Eltanin cruises 28 and 29 are reported. A maximum in alkalinity is found at a depth of 2000 to 3500 meters. The western boundary is lower in alkalinity than the eastern part of the Pacific Basin. These patterns can be explained by a model of supply of low alkalinity water to the abyss via a western boundary current. As the initially low alkalinity water rises it dissolves sinking calcium carbonate tests, resulting in a maximum in alkalinity at intermediate depths.