Psychological Studies in Antarctica
- E. K. Eric Gunderson
Published Online: 21 MAR 2013
Copyright © 1974 by the American Geophysical Union.
Human Adaptability to Antarctic Conditions
How to Cite
Gunderson, E. K. E. (1974) Psychological Studies in Antarctica, in Human Adaptability to Antarctic Conditions (ed E. K. E. Gunderson), American Geophysical Union, Washington, D. C.. doi: 10.1029/AR022p0115
- Published Online: 21 MAR 2013
- Published Print: 1 JAN 1974
Print ISBN: 9780875901213
Online ISBN: 9781118664780
- Cold adaptation;
- Cold—Physiological effect
Clinical evaluations by psychologists and psychiatrists, biographical information, and attitude and personality tests have been used in selection studies of antarctic personnel since 1963. A series of studies-using supervisor ratings and peer nominations as performance criteria resulted in a general concept of effective individual performance that included three essential behavioral components: emotional stability, task motivation, and social compatibility. The contributions of the various sources of screening information to the prediction of individual and group adjustment during the antarctic winter were determined, and a high degree of specificity in the relevance of screening predictors for the various behavioral criteria and occupational subgroups was found. Navy men showed significant deterioration in morale or satisfaction during the winter months, whereas civilians showed little or no change. Thus occupational role was an important determinant of job satisfaction during long-term isolation and confinement.