Antarctic and Subantarctic Scleractinia

  1. Louis S. Kornicker
  1. Stephen D. Cairns

Published Online: 16 MAR 2013

DOI: 10.1029/AR034p0001

Biology of the Antarctic Seas XI

Biology of the Antarctic Seas XI

How to Cite

Cairns, S. D. (1983) Antarctic and Subantarctic Scleractinia, in Biology of the Antarctic Seas XI (ed L. S. Kornicker), American Geophysical Union, Washington, D. C.. doi: 10.1029/AR034p0001

Author Information

  1. Department of Invertebrate Zoology, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C. 20560

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 16 MAR 2013
  2. Published Print: 1 JAN 1983

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780875901800

Online ISBN: 9781118664704



  • Scleractinia;
  • Coelenterata—Antarctica regions


The 37 species of Scleractinia known from the Antarctic and Subantarctic regions are described, mapped, and illustrated, including the description of 6 new species. Two more species, one of them new, from waters closely adjacent to the Subantarctic regions are also considered, as well as 4 previously published records of Scleractinia of uncertain identity. A chronological, annotated list of all papers dealing with Antarctic Scleractinia is provided. A zoogeographic analysis describes common patterns of species distributions, and the faunas of various geographic areas are discussed. Scleractinia from South Pacific seamounts, some of which may form deepwater coral banks, are particularly noted.