The Environment-Ecosystem Interaction



Ecology deals with the mutual relationships between coexisting species of plants and animals. An ecosystem consists of the summation of all botanical organisms, zoological organisms, and micro-organisms occupying given space. Since the ecosystem involves all life forms, the discipline of ecology concerns the interaction between these species. The plant and animal life that occupy a given space are present because the environment (soil, topography, and climate) has allowed these particular species to take precedence over others.