The circulation of antarctic waters is responsible for massive interoceanic water exchange and for what may be thought of as the ‘airing out’ of abyssal waters by exposing large quantities of these waters to the antarctic atmosphere. Estimates of zonal and meridional volume transports have been made, in addition to further investigations of water mass distribution and alteration of the circumpolar deep water (CDW) to antarctic intermediate water (AAIW) and antarctic bottom water (AABW).
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