Of the twenty or so volcanoes that erupted in 1973, Eldfell volcano on Heimaey Island in Iceland was by far the most destructive. According to scientists of the U.S. Geological Survey, it also represents man's most successful attempt at volcanic control.
The volcano was officially declared dead by Icelandic scientists on July 3, 1973. A year later the inhabitants are still laboring to uncover their farmlands and rebuild their homes. That there is so much left to salvage is thanks to the ingenuity of scientists who devised a technique to abate the lava flow as well as to the courage and determination of the islanders.